Grove, Andy (Andrew Stephen Grove) [key], 1936–2016, American computer-industry executive, b. Budapest, Hungary, as András István Gróf, immigrated to the United States 1957, Ph.D. Univ. of California, Berkeley, 1963. He worked for Fairchild Semiconductor (1963–68), then joined Intel Corp. upon its founding (1968) by Gordon Moore , Robert Noyce , and others. He played a critical role in shifting the company's focus from memory chips to microprocessors. Grove served as Intel's president (1979–87), CEO (1987–98), and chairman (1997–2005). He wrote several books, including the college textbook Physics and Technology of Semiconductor Devices (1967), the management books High Output Management (1983) and Only the Paranoid Survive (1996), and Swimming Across: A Memoir (2001).
See biographies by T. Jackson (1998) and R. Tedlow (2006).
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