Furtwängler, Adolf ä´dôlf fo͝ort´vĕng-lər [key], 1853–1907, German archaeologist, authority on ancient vases and gems. He made important excavations at Olympia, Aegina, and Orchomenus and wrote the authoritative Meisterwerke der griechischen Plastik [masterpieces of Greek sculpture] (1893), of which a smaller edition was later translated into English.
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