Hyndman, Henry Mayers

Hyndman, Henry Mayers hīndˈmən [key], 1842–1921, English Socialist, an early advocate of Marxism in England. He was a journalist by profession. In 1881 he founded the parent organization of the Social Democratic Federation, which in 1911 became the British Socialist party, with Hyndman as chairman. In World War I the party was disrupted, many members becoming Communists. Hyndman reorganized the Social Democratic Federation in 1920. Among his works are The Historical Basis of Socialism (1883), The Economics of Socialism (2d ed. 1896), A Record of an Adventurous Life (1911), and Further Reminiscences (1912).

See biography by R. Hyndman (1923); study by C. Tsuzuki (1961).

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