Middle-earth Timeline

Updated February 21, 2017 | Factmonster Staff

Middle-earth Timeline
From the creation of Middle-earth to the War of the Ring

by Laura Hayes

The appearance of Hobbits, a ring is found, the return of Sauron.

The Ages
Lamps / Trees First Second Third War of the Ring
Third Age of the Sun
2
Gondor
Isildur plants the seedling of the White Tree in Minas Anor in memory of his brother.

Disaster of the Gladden Fields: Isildur and his three older sons are ambushed by orcs on the banks of the Anduin River. Isildur's sons are slain and he drowns trying to swim to safety. The One Ring slips off his finger and is lost.
100
Rivendell (Imladris)
Elrond weds Celebran, the daughter of Celeborn and Galadriel.
241
Elrond and Celebran's daughter, Arwen, is born.
830
Gondor
Falastur begins the ling of the ship-kings of Gondor. The Nmenorean outpost of Umbar becomes a stronghold of Gondor.
ca 1000
Aman / Middle-earth
The Istari (Wizards) are sent to Middle-earth from the Undying Lands. Chief among them are Curunr, "the Man of Skill", known by men as Saruman, and Mithrandir, "the Grey Pilgrim", known by men as Gandalf.
ca 1050
Middle-earth
Gondor reaches the height of its power. A blight falls on Greenwood which is thereafter called "Mirkwood." A "necromancer" is rumoured to have taken up residence in the forest.

The first group of Hobbits, the Harfoots, come to Eriador.
1100
The Wise?the Istari and the chief Eldar? convene the first White Council upon discovering that an evil power has made a home at Dol Guldur. They believe that the "Necromancer" is one of the Nazgl.
ca 1300
Angmar
The Nazgl reappear and their chief goes north to Angmar in the Misty Mountains. He becomes the Witch-King of Angmar. Orcs increase in the Misty Mountains and attack the dwarves. More hobbits move Westward.
1409
Arnor
The Witch-King invades Arnor.
1432-47
Gondor
The death of King Valacar of Gondor incites civil war.
1601
Eriador
Hobbits are given the lands north of the Brandywine River and establish the Shire.
1636
Middle-earth
The Great Plague spreads throughout Middle-earth. The King of Gondor and his family die. Many parts of Eriador become desolate. The White Tree planted by Isildur dies.
1640
King Tarondor moves the throne to Minas Arnor and plants another seedling of the White Tree.
1700
Evil creatures move into a long-unguarded Mordor. Communications between Gondor and Arnor are cut off.
1940
Gondor and Arnor resume communications and form an alliance against orcs and human invaders from the east.
1974
Arnor
The Witch-King overruns the remaining holdings of the kingdom of Arnor. The King of Arnor, Arvedui, is believed dead.
1975
Arnor
The Witch-King is defeated at the Battle of Fornost and vanishes. King Arvedui is rescued, but then lost at sea.

The kingdom lost, Arvedui's son Aranarth takes the title of Chieftain of the Dnedain (descendants of the Nmenoreans). He gives the heirlooms of Arnor to Elrond for safekeeping.
1980
Middle-Earth
The Witch-King comes to Mordor and gathers the rest of the Nazgl. A Balrog appears in Khazad-dm and slays Durin IV, king of the dwarves.
1999
Erebor
Thrain I leads the dwarves out of Khazad-dm and founds the Kingdom Under the Mountain at Erebor, the Lonely Mountain, far east of the Misty Mountains.
2002
Gondor
The Nazgl take the city of Minas Ithil. The city is renamed Minas Morgul.
2043
Earnur becomes King of Gondor and is challenged by the Witch-King.
2050
King Earnur rides to the challenge of the Witch-King and never returns. Gondor is from this time on ruled by stewards who await their king's return.
2060-2463
Middle-earth
The evil power in Dol Guldur grows, the White Council fears it is Sauron. Gandalf goes to investigate. Sauron retreats and hides in the east. The Nazgl remain quiet in Minas Morgul and the Watchful Peace begins.
2460-63
The Watchful Peace is over: Sauron returns to Dol Guldur with renewed vigor and begins breeding a stronger race of orcs, the uruk-hai.

The White Council meets again to combat the growing menace. Meanwhile Saruman begins to study the Rings of Power.
2463
The Gladden Fields
The hobbit Dagol finds the Ring and is murdered by his cousin Smagol, who is known afterwards as Gollum.
2463
Misty Mountains / Moria
Orcs set up strongholds in the Misty Mountains. Sauron populates Moria with his foul creatures.
2510
Gondor/Rohan
While traveling to Lrien, Celebran is attacked by orcs in the Misty Mountains and receives a poisoned wound. She leaves Middle-earth.

Eorl the Young, coming to the aid of Gondor, defeats an army of Orcs and Easterlings and is given the lands which become Rohan in thanks.
2510
Middle-earth
Dragons begin to appear in the north, harrying the dwarves.
2740-59
Middle-earth
The Free Peoples (Humans, Hobbits, Dwarves, and Elves) fight great battles against invading orcs and eventually push them back.
2759
Middle-earth
The people of Rohan retake the fortress of Isengard, which they had lost to corsairs. They invite Saruman to take up residence there.
2770
Erebor
Smaug the Dragon descends on Erebor and expels the dwarves. Thror escapes with Thrain II and Thorin II.
2793-99
Middle-earth
War of Dwarves and Orcs: after Thror is slain by an orc in Moria, the dwarves exact vengeance. The Misty Mountains are made safe again for nearly a century and a half.

The War of the Ring



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