2014 Nobel Prize Winners
Below find the winners of the 2014 Nobel Prizes, including prizes for Peace, Physics, Medicine, Chemistry, Literature, and Economics.
Jointly to Kailash Satyarthi (India) and Malala Yousafzai (Pakistan) "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education." In announcing the prize, the Nobel Committee highlighted the symbolism of the award given the recipients are from nations long engaged in geopolitical turmoil. "The Nobel Committee regards it as an important point for a Hindu and a Muslim, an Indian and a Pakistani, to join in a common struggle for education and against extremism."
- Physiology or Medicine
One-half jointly to May-Britt Moser (Norway) and Edvard I. Moser (Norway), and one-half to John O'Keefe (U.S. and UK) for "their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain"
Jointly to Isamu Akasaki (Japan), Hiroshi Amano (Japan), and Shuji Nakamura (U.S.) "for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources."
Jointly to Eric Betzig (U.S.), Stefan W. Hell (Germany), and William E. Moerner (U.S.) "for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy."
Patrick Modiano (France) "for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation."
- Economics Jean Tirole (France) "for his analysis of market power and regulation."