Yitzhak Shamir

Prime Minister of Israel / Soldier
Date Of Birth:
Date Of Death:
Alzheimer's Disease
Place Of Birth:
Ruzinoy, Polandnow Belarus
Best Known As:
Prime Minister of Israel, 1983-1984 and 1986-1992

Name at birth: Yizhak Yzernitzky

Yitzhak Shamir was the seventh prime minister of Israel and a major figure in the years after the country's founding in 1948. Yitzhak Shamir moved to Palestine in 1935 and joined Zionist forces in fighting the British. He was arrested and jailed twice by the British, but escaped both times. After the establishment of the state of Israel, Shamir went to work for national security and during the 1950s held top-level posts in the spy service Mossad. He was elected to the Knesset in 1973, eventually leading the Likud Party and taking over as prime minister after the resignation of Menachem Begin in 1983. After the 1984 elections, Shamir shared power with Shimon Peres of the Labor Party, serving as prime minister until 1992. He retired from the Knesset in 1996 and was given the Israel Prize, the nation's highest civilian honor, in 2001.

Extra Credit

His birthplace is also spelled “Ruzhany” by some.

Copyright © 1998-2017 by Who2?, LLC. All rights reserved.

See also:/b>
Educate, entertain, and engage with Factmonster.
From the solar system to the world economy to educational games, Fact Monster has the info kids are seeking. Our site is COPPA and kidSAFE-certified, so you can rest assured it's a safe place for kids to grow and explore.

2000-2022 Sandbox Networks, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

FactMonster.com is certified by the kidSAFE Seal Program

FactMonster.com is certified by the kidSAFE Seal Program. To learn more, click on the seal or go to www.kidsafeseal.com.

Factmonster is part of the Sandbox Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students.

familyeducation logoinfoplease logoTeacherVision logo


For more information on our use of cookies and usage policies, please visit our PRIVACY POLICY.