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Manet, Édouard

(Encyclopedia)Manet, Édouard ādwärˈ mänāˈ [key], 1832–83, French painter, b. Paris. The son of a magistate, Manet went to sea rather than study law. On his return to Paris in 1850 he studied art with the F...

Morisot, Berthe

(Encyclopedia)Morisot, Berthe bĕrt môrēzōˈ [key], 1841–95, French impressionist painter. She studied with many gifted painters, including Corot. She formed a close friendship with Manet, who became her broth...

Couture, Thomas

(Encyclopedia)Couture, Thomas tômäˈ ko͞otürˈ [key], 1815–79, French academic painter. He was a pupil of Gros and Delaroche. He achieved fame with his vast orgy painting, Romans in the Decadence of the Empir...

Fantin-Latour, Ignace Henri Jean Théodore

(Encyclopedia)Fantin-Latour, Ignace Henri Jean Théodore ēgnäsˈ äNrēˈ zhäNˈ tēōdôrˈ fäNtăNˈ-läto͞orˈ [key], 1836–1904, French painter and lithographer. He is best known for his portrait groups o...

pastel

(Encyclopedia)pastel păstĕlˈ [key], artists' medium of chalk and pigment, tempered with weak gum water and usually molded in the form of sticks; also a work done in this medium. Pastel was in use in Italy in the...

Cassatt, Mary

(Encyclopedia)Cassatt, Mary kəsătˈ [key], 1844–1926, American figure painter and etcher, b. Pittsburgh. Most of her life was spent in France, where she was greatly influenced by her great French contemporaries...

impressionism, in painting

(Encyclopedia)impressionism, in painting, late-19th-century French school that was generally characterized by the attempt to depict transitory visual impressions, often painted directly from nature, and by the use ...

Cézanne, Paul

(Encyclopedia)Cézanne, Paul pōl sāzänˈ, 1839–1906, French painter, b. Aix-en-Provence. Cézanne was the leading figure in the revolution toward abstraction in modern painting. Cézanne's influence on the c...

poster

(Encyclopedia)poster, placard designed to be posted in some public place for purposes of commercial announcement or propaganda. Advertising makes wide use of posters, as do charitable and political organizations. I...

Renoir, Pierre Auguste

(Encyclopedia)Renoir, Pierre Auguste rənwärˈ [key], 1841–1919, French impressionist painter and sculptor, b. Limoges. Renoir went to work at the age of 13 in Paris as a decorator of factory-made porcelain, co...

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