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Guanajuato

(Encyclopedia) Guanajuato, city (1990 pop. 73,108), capital of Guanajuato state, W central Mexico. The city, with an altitude of c.6,600 ft (2,000 m), is situated in the Cañada de Marfil [ivory…

Guangdong

(Encyclopedia) Guangdong or Kwangtungboth: gwäng´doong´, province (2010 pop. 104,303,132), c.76,000 sq mi (196,891 sq km), S China. The capital is Guangzhou. On coastal islands and adjacent mainland…

Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

(Encyclopedia) Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region gwäng´sh´ jwäng´, province (2010 pop. 46,026,629), c.85,000 sq mi (220,150 sq km), S China, bordering on Vietnam. The capital is Nanning. Guangxi is…

Guangzhou

(Encyclopedia) Guangzhou gwäng´j´ or Cantonkntn´, kn´tn, city (1994 est. pop. 3,113,800), capital of Guangdong prov., S China, a major deepwater port on the Pearl River delta. Economy Among…

guanine

(Encyclopedia) guanine gwä´nn, organic base of the purine family. It was reported (1846) to be in the guano f birds; later (1879–84) it was established as one of the major constituents of nucleic…

guano

(Encyclopedia) guano gwä´n, dried excrement of sea birds and bats found principally on the coastal islands of Peru, Africa, Chile, and the West Indies. It contains about 6% phosphorus, 9% nitrogen,…

Guantánamo

(Encyclopedia) Guantánamo gwäntä´näm, city (1994 est. pop. 200,000), capital of Guantánamo prov., SE Cuba, on the Guaso River. It is the processing center for a rich sugar- and coffee-producing…

Guaporé

(Encyclopedia) Guaporé gwpoor´, river, c.750 mi (1,207 km) long, rising in the mountains of Mato Grosso state, W Brazil. It flows northwest through rain forest and forms part of the Brazil-Bolivia…

guaraná

(Encyclopedia) guaraná: see soapberry.

Guaraní

(Encyclopedia) Guaraní gwärän´, indigenous group living in the eastern lowland area of South America, related to the Tupí of the Rio São Francisco and the Tupinambá on the Atlantic coast. The…