81 results found
Abd al-Hafiz(Encyclopedia)Abd al-Hafiz äbdäl-häfd´ [key], 1875?–1937, sultan of Morocco (1908–12). Placed on the throne by the revolution that deposed his brother Abd al-Aziz IV, he was soon confronted with uprisin...
Abd al-Aziz IV(Encyclopedia)Abd al-Aziz IV, 1880–1943, sultan of Morocco (1894–1908), son of Hassan. His weak control was evident after the death (c.1900) of the regent Ba Ahmed. His submissiveness to foreign influence, his ...
Hafiz(Encyclopedia)Hafiz häfz´ [key] [Arab.,=one who has memorized the Qur'an], 1319–1389?, Persian lyric poet, b. Shiraz. His original name was Shams al-Din Muhammad. He acquired the surname from having memorized...
Hafez, Amin al-(Encyclopedia)Hafez or Hafiz, Amin al- ämn´ äl-hä´fz [key], 1921?–2009, Syrian army officer and politician. He served (1963–65) as chief of state in Syria's Ba'athist government (see Ba'ath party) but ...
Abd al-Aziz(Encyclopedia)Abd al-Aziz äbdäl-äzz´ [key] or AbdülazizTurk. äbdül´äzz´ [key], 1830–76, Ottoman sultan (1861–76), brother and successor of Abd al-Majid. The economic and political reforms enacte...
Abd al-Hamid I(Encyclopedia)Abd al-Hamid I äbdäl-hämd´ [key] or AbdülhamitTurk. äbdül´hämd´ [key], 1725–89, Ottoman sultan (1774–89), brother and successor of Mustafa III. His reign, one of decline for the Ot...
Abd al-Kader(Encyclopedia)Abd al-Kader äbdäl-kädr´ [key], c.1807–1883, Algerian military and religious leader. Although born to an anti-Turkish family, he was chosen emir of Mascara to fight the French invaders who h...
Abd al-Majid(Encyclopedia)Abd al-Majid äbdäl-mäjd´ [key] or AbdülmecitTurk. äbdül´ mäjd´ [key], 1823–61, Ottoman sultan (1839–61), son and successor of Mahmud II to the throne of the Ottoman Empire. The reb...
Abd al-Malik(Encyclopedia)Abd al-Malik äbdool-mälk´ [key], c.646–705, 5th Umayyad caliph (685–705); son of Marwan I. At his accession, Islam was torn by dissension and threatened by the Byzantine Empire. With the ...
Abd al-Mumin(Encyclopedia)Abd al-Mumin äbdäl-m´mn [key], d. 1163, founder of the empire of the Almohads. He was the favorite of the Almohad religious reformer Ibn Tumart and became (1130) his successor. Even before hi...
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