500 results found
Abd ar-Rahman(Encyclopedia)Abd ar-Rahman, 1778–1859, sultan of Morocco (1822–59). He sought, unsuccessfully, to take advantage of the overthrow of Turkish rule in Algeria in order to extend his territory. Later he allied hi...
Abd ar-Rahman(Encyclopedia)Abd ar-Rahman äbdär-rämän´ [key], d. 732, Muslim governor of Spain (721–32). Invading Aquitaine in 732, he won a victory over the Franks at Toulouse but was defeated in the battle of Tours by...
Abd ar-Rahman I(Encyclopedia)Abd ar-Rahman I, d. 788, first Umayyad emir of Córdoba (756–88). The only survivor of the Abbasid massacre (750) of his family in Damascus, he fled from Syria and eventually went to Spain. There he...
Abd ar-Rahman III(Encyclopedia)Abd ar-Rahman III, 891–961, Umayyad emir (912–29) and first caliph (929–61) of Córdoba. When he succeeded to the throne, the Spanish emirate was reduced to Córdoba and its environs and beset w...
Abd ar-Rahman Khan(Encyclopedia)Abd ar-Rahman Khan äbdär-rämän´ kän, khän [key], 1844?–1901, emir of Afghanistan (1880–1901); grandson of Dost Muhammad. He opposed his uncle, Sher Ali, and was forced into exile in 1869....
Abd al-Rahman(Encyclopedia)Abd al-Rahman. For Muslim rulers thus named, use Abd ar-Rahman.
Hakam II, al-(Encyclopedia)Hakam II, al- äl-häkäm´ [key], 914–76, Umayyad caliph of Córdoba (961–76), son and successor of Abd ar-Rahman III. In the early part of his reign he successfully waged war against the Christi...
Abd al-Aziz IV(Encyclopedia)Abd al-Aziz IV, 1880–1943, sultan of Morocco (1894–1908), son of Hassan. His weak control was evident after the death (c.1900) of the regent Ba Ahmed. His submissiveness to foreign influence, his ...
Abd al-Hafiz(Encyclopedia)Abd al-Hafiz äbdäl-häfd´ [key], 1875?–1937, sultan of Morocco (1908–12). Placed on the throne by the revolution that deposed his brother Abd al-Aziz IV, he was soon confronted with uprisin...
Mansur, al-(Encyclopedia)Mansur, al- äl-mänsoor´ [key] [Arab.,=the victorious], d. 775, 2d Abbasid caliph (754–75) and founder of the city of Baghdad. His name was in full Abu Jafar abd-Allah al-Mansur. He was brother ...
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