Columbia Encyclopedia

Search results

500 results found

Amasis II

(Encyclopedia)Amasis II, d. 525 b.c., king of ancient Egypt (569–525 b.c.), of the XXVI dynasty. In a military revolt he dethroned Apries. He erected temples and other buildings at Memphis and Saïs and encourage...

Amasis I

(Encyclopedia)Amasis I əmāˈsĭs [key], d. c.1545 b.c., king of ancient Egypt (c.1570–1545 b.c.), founder of the XVIII dynasty. He drove the Hyksos out of the Nile delta and pursued them into Palestine. His nam...

Apries

(Encyclopedia)Apries āˈprē–ēz [key], king of ancient Egypt (588–569 b.c.), of the XXVI dynasty; successor of Psamtik II. Apries sought to recover Syria and Palestine. He attacked Tyre and Sidon but failed (...

Nabonidus

(Encyclopedia)Nabonidus năbənīˈdəs [key], d. 538? b.c., last king of the Chaldaean dynasty of Babylonia. He was not of Nebuchadnezzar's family, and it is possible that he usurped the throne. He was absorbed in...

Ahmose

(Encyclopedia)Ahmose. For ancient Egyptian kings thus named, use Amasis.

Croesus

(Encyclopedia)Croesus krēˈsəs [key], d. c.547 b.c., king of Lydia (560–c.547 b.c.), noted for his great wealth. He was the son of Alyattes. He continued his father's policy of conquering the Ionian cities of A...

Amenhotep I

(Encyclopedia)Amenhotep I ăˌmĕnōˈfĭs [key], fl. 1570 b.c., king of ancient Egypt, of the XVIII dynasty; son and successor of Amasis I. His chief exploits were military. He pushed southward into Nubia and rees...

Christian II

(Encyclopedia)Christian II, 1481–1559, king of Denmark and Norway (1513–23) and Sweden (1520–23), son and successor of King John. After several unsuccessful attempts, he asserted claim to Sweden by force. How...

Danilo II

(Encyclopedia)Danilo II (Danilo Petrović-Njegoš), 1826–60, prince of Montenegro (1851–60). He secularized (1852) his principality (chiefly in order to be able to marry) and transferred his ecclesiastic functi...

Darius II

(Encyclopedia)Darius II, d. 404 b.c., king of ancient Persia (423?–404 b.c.); son of Artaxerxes I and a concubine, hence sometimes called Darius Nothus [Darius the bastard]. His rule was not popular or successful...

Browse by Subject