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Gide, André

(Encyclopedia)Gide, André äNdr´ zhd [key], 1869–1951, French writer. He established a reputation as an unconventional novelist with The Immoralist (1902, tr. 1930), a partly autobiographical work in which ...

Gide, Charles

(Encyclopedia)Gide, Charles shärl zhd [key], 1847–1932, French economist. A professor at the universities of Bordeaux, Montpellier, and Paris, Gide was an expert on international monetary problems. He also pla...

Dufy, Raoul

(Encyclopedia)Dufy, Raoul räool´ düf´ [key], 1877–1953, French painter, illustrator, and decorator, studied at the École des Beaux-Arts. After meeting Matisse he abandoned his early impressionist style a...

Perse, St.-John

(Encyclopedia)Perse, St.-John, pseud. of Alexis Saint-Léger Léger, 1887–1975, French poet and diplomat, b. West Indies. Léger, an opponent of appeasement of the Nazis, was enormously influential in France's fo...

Gosse, Sir Edmund William

(Encyclopedia)Gosse, Sir Edmund William gs [key], 1849–1928, English biographer and critic. He was lecturer in English literature at Trinity College, Cambridge (1884–90) and librarian of the House of Lords (1...

Genet, Jean

(Encyclopedia)Genet, Jean zhäN zhn´ [key], 1910–86, French dramatist. Deserted by his parents as an infant, Genet spent much of his early life in reformatories and prisons. Between 1940 and 1948 he wrote se...

Valéry, Paul

(Encyclopedia)Valéry, Paul pl välr´ [key], 1871–1945, French poet and critic. A follower of the symbolists, Valéry was one of the greatest French poets of the 20th cent. He was encouraged by Pierry Loü...

diary

(Encyclopedia)diary [Lat.,=day], a daily record of events and observations. As distinguished from memoir (an account of events placed in perspective by the author long after they have occurred), the diary derives i...

Montaigne, Michel Eyquem, seigneur de

(Encyclopedia)Montaigne, Michel Eyquem, seigneur de mntn´, Fr. mshl´ km´ snyör´ d môNtn´y [key], 1533–92, French essayist. Montaigne was one of the greatest masters of the essay as a li...

Chopin, Frédéric François

(Encyclopedia)Chopin, Frédéric François frdrk´ fräNswä´ shôpN´ [key], 1810–49, composer for the piano, b. near Warsaw, of French and Polish parentage. His lyrical, often melancholy, compositions ...

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