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Costa e Silva, Artur da

(Encyclopedia)Costa e Silva, Artur da ərto͞orˈ dä koŏshˈtə ĕ sēlˈvə [key], 1902–69, president of Brazil (1967–69). An army general, he participated in the 1964 coup that deposed President João Goula...

Médici, Emílio Garrastazú

(Encyclopedia)Médici, Emílio Garrastazú əmēˈlyo͝o gəräshˈtəzo͞o mĕdˈĭsē [key], 1905–86, president of Brazil (1969–74). An army general, he served as head of the national intelligence service. He...

Castelo Branco, Humberto

(Encyclopedia)Castelo Branco, Humberto o͞ombĕrˈto͝o kəshtĕˈlo͝o brängˈko͝o [key], 1900–1967, president of Brazil (1964–67). An army officer, he served as chief of staff of the Brazilian army before p...

Costa, Isaäc da

(Encyclopedia)Costa, Isaäc da ēˈsä-äk dä kôˈstä [key], 1798–1860, Dutch poet and historian, b. Amsterdam, of an aristocratic Sephardic Jewish family. Deeply influenced by Bilderdijk, he entered (1822) th...

da Silva, Luiz Inácio

(Encyclopedia)da Silva, Luiz Inácio lo͞oēshˈ ēnäsˈyo͞o dä sēlˈvə [key], 1945–, Brazilian labor leader and politician, known as Lula, b. Vargem Grande (now Caetés), Pernambuco. Born into a poor family...

Quadros, Jânio da Silva

(Encyclopedia)Quadros, Jânio da Silva zhäˈnyo͝o dä sēlˈvə kwäˈdro͝os [key], 1917–92, president of Brazil (Jan.–Aug., 1961). A schoolteacher and lawyer, he served as mayor of the city of (1953–54) a...

Silva, Antonio José da

(Encyclopedia)Silva, Antonio José da əntôˈnyo͝o zho͝ozĕˈ dä sēlˈvə [key], 1705–39, Portuguese playwright, b. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He belonged to a family of “New Christians” (Jews forced to con...

Rondon, Cândido Mariano da Silva

(Encyclopedia)Rondon, Cândido Mariano da Silva känˈdēᵺo͝o mərēäˈno͝o ᵺä sēlˈvə ro͝ondônˈ [key], 1865–1958, Brazilian explorer and founder of the Indian Protection Service. A major in the army...

Costa, António Luís Santos da

(Encyclopedia)Costa, António Luís Santos da, 1961–, Portuguese lawyer and political leader, b. Lisbon. A Socialist, he served on Lisbon's municipal council in the 1980s, then in the national assembly (1991–20...

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