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(Encyclopedia)Basho (Matsuo Basho) mätˈso͞oō bäˈshō [key], 1644–94, Japanese poet, critic, and essayist of the early Edo period. His literary name, Basho, is derived from the plantain trees [basho] near a ...


(Encyclopedia)Otsu ōˈtso͞o [key], city (1990 pop. 260,018), capital of Shiga prefecture, S Honshu, Japan. It is a tourist center and a port for excursion boats on Lake Biwa. Electrical appliances, textiles, prec...

Japanese literature

(Encyclopedia)Japanese literature, literary works produced in the language of the islands of Japan. See also Asian drama. The immense public demand for fiction in postwar Japan has been fed by the prolific o...

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