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Mussolini, Benito

(Encyclopedia)Mussolini, Benito bānēˈtō mo͞os-sōlēˈnē, 1883–1945, Italian dictator and leader of the Fascist movement. Mussolini was at first cool to Adolf Hitler and opposed his designs on Austria. ...

Juárez, Benito

(Encyclopedia)Juárez, Benito bānēˈtō hwäˈrās [key], 1806–72, Mexican liberal statesman and national hero. Revered by Mexicans as one of their greatest political figures, Juárez, with great moral courage ...

San Benito

(Encyclopedia)San Benito săn bənēˈtō [key], city (1990 pop. 20,125), Cameron co., extreme S Tex.; inc. 1911. San Benito is chiefly a processing center for citrus fruit and vegetables grown in the irrigated reg...

Gronchi, Giovanni

(Encyclopedia)Gronchi, Giovanni jōvänˈnē grônˈkē [key], 1887–1978, Italian political leader. He entered parliament in 1919 as a member of the new Popular party. When Benito Mussolini seized power in 1922 a...

Black Shirts

(Encyclopedia)Black Shirts, colloquial term originally used to refer to the members of the Fasci di combattimento, units of the Fascist organization founded in Italy in Mar., 1919, by Benito Mussolini. A black shir...

Pantaleoni, Maffeo

(Encyclopedia)Pantaleoni, Maffeo mäf-fĕˈō päntälāôˈnē [key], 1857–1924, Italian economist and politician. He was finance minister in Gabriele D'Annunzio's government at Fiume (1919), one of the first se...

Camorra

(Encyclopedia)Camorra kəmôrˈə [key], Italian secret criminal association in Naples. Of controversial origin, it first came to light in 1830. Its activities spread by intimidation, blackmail, and bribery until N...

Gramsci, Antonio

(Encyclopedia)Gramsci, Antonio antônˈyô grämˈshē [key], 1891–1937, Italian political leader and theoretician. Originally a member of the Socialist party and a cofounder (1919) of the left-wing paper L'Ordin...

Longo, Luigi

(Encyclopedia)Longo, Luigi lo͞oēˈjē lôngˈgō [key], 1900–1980, Italian political leader. He was a founder of the Italian Communist party in 1921. In the Spanish civil war he served as inspector-general of t...

Churriguera, José Benito

(Encyclopedia)Churriguera, José Benito chûrˌēgərĕskˈ [key] describes the architecture of the late 17th and early 18th cent. in Spain, marked by extravagance of design and capricious use of Renaissance motive...

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