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Jung, Carl Gustav

(Encyclopedia)Jung, Carl Gustav kärl go͝osˈtäf yo͝ong [key], 1875–1961, Swiss psychiatrist, founder of analytical psychology. The son of a country pastor, he studied at Basel (1895–1900) and Zürich (M.D.,...

Jacobi, Carl Gustav Jacob

(Encyclopedia)Jacobi, Carl Gustav Jacob kärl go͝osˈtäf yäˈkôp yäkôˈbē [key], 1804–51, German mathematician. He was an outstanding teacher and was professor of mathematics at Königsberg (1827–42) and...

Menger, Carl

(Encyclopedia)Menger, Carl kärl mĕngˈər [key], 1840–1921, Austrian economist, a founder of the Austrian school of economics. He was professor of economics at the Univ. of Vienna from 1873 until 1903, when he ...

Mannerheim, Baron Carl Gustav Emil

(Encyclopedia)Mannerheim, Baron Carl Gustav Emil kärl gŭˈstäv āˈmĭl mäˈnərhām [key], 1867–1951, Finnish field marshal and president of Finland (1944–46). Of a distinguished Swedish-Finnish family in ...

extroversion and introversion

(Encyclopedia)extroversion and introversion, terms introduced into psychology by Carl Jung to identify opposite psychological types. Jung saw the activity of the extrovert directed toward the external world and tha...

Kim Dae Jung

(Encyclopedia)Kim Dae Jung kĭm dā jo͝ong [key], 1924–2009, president (1998–2003) of South Korea. A native of South Jeolla prov., Kim was a long-time campaigner for increased democracy and a writer on interna...

Bleuler, Eugen

(Encyclopedia)Bleuler, Eugen oiˈgən bloiˈ lər [key], 1857–1939, Swiss psychiatrist. He taught (1898–1927) at the Univ. of Zürich, serving concurrently as director of Zürich's Burghölzi Asylum. Bleuler is...

Gottheil, Gustav

(Encyclopedia)Gottheil, Gustav gŏtˈhīl [key], 1827–1903, American Reform rabbi, b. Prussia. He served as assistant (1855–60) in the Berlin Reform Temple and as rabbi (1860–73) in Manchester, England. From ...

Husák, Gustav

(Encyclopedia)Husák, Gustav go͝osˈtäf ho͝oˈsäk [key], 1913–91, Czechoslovakian political leader. A member of the Communist party from 1933, he helped to lead the Slovak national uprising against the German...

Klimt, Gustav

(Encyclopedia)Klimt, Gustav go͝osˈtäf klĭmt [key], 1862–1918, Austrian painter. He cofounded the Vienna Secession group, an alliance against 19th-century eclecticism in art, and in 1897 became its first presi...

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