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Menem, Carlos Saúl

(Encyclopedia)Menem, Carlos Saúl kärˈlōs säo͞olˈ māˈnĕm [key], 1930–2021, president of ...

Kirchner, Néstor Carlos

(Encyclopedia)Kirchner, Néstor Carlos nāˈstôr kärˈlōs kērchˈnâr [key], 1950–2010, Argentinean politician. A native of Patagonia, he was a lawyer and left-wing Peronist and, after two brief imprisonments...

Alfonsín, Raúl

(Encyclopedia)Alfonsín, Raúl rä-o͞olˈ älfônsēnˈ [key] (Raúl Ricardo Alfonsín Foulkes), 1927–2009, president of Argentina (1983–89). A long-time political activist, a member of the Radical party, and ...

Sá, Mem de

(Encyclopedia)Sá, Mem de māN dĭ sä [key], d. 1572, Portuguese colonial official, governor-general of Brazil (1557?–1572). He drove (1567) the French colony from Guanabara Bay and founded the city of Rio de Ja...

Sá Carneiro, Francisco

(Encyclopedia)Sá Carneiro, Francisco, 1934–80, Portuguese political leader. A liberal reformer, he founded the Social Democratic party in 1974, following the coup that ended repression in Portugal, and in 1979 f...

Fuentes, Carlos

(Encyclopedia)Fuentes, Carlos kärˈlōs fwānˈtās [key], 1928–2012, Mexican writer, editor, and diplomat. He was head of the department of cultural relations in Mexico's ministry of foreign affairs (1956–59)...

Chávez, Carlos

(Encyclopedia)Chávez, Carlos kärˈlōs shäˈvās [key], 1899–1975, Mexican composer and conductor. In 1928, Chávez established the Symphony Orchestra of Mexico, which he conducted until 1949. He was also dire...

Juan Carlos I

(Encyclopedia)Juan Carlos I hwän kärˈlōs [key], 1938–, king of Spain (1975–2014), b. Rome. The grandson of Alfonso XIII, he was educated in Switzerland and in Spain. Placed by his father, Don Juan de Borbó...

Calvo, Carlos

(Encyclopedia)Calvo, Carlos kärˈlōs kälˈvō [key], 1824–1906, Argentine diplomat and historian. He spent much of his life in diplomatic service abroad. He edited a collection of Latin American treaties and d...

Reyles, Carlos

(Encyclopedia)Reyles, Carlos kärˈlōs rāˈlās [key], 1868–1938, Uruguayan novelist. A wealthy breeder of horses, Reyles traveled extensively and devoted himself to writing. His impassioned, naturalistic novel...

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