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Goodyear, Charles

(Encyclopedia)Goodyear, Charles, 1800–1860, American inventor, b. New Haven, Conn., originator of vulcanized rubber. He failed in his earlier business ventures and was in jail for debt when he began his experimen...

Naugatuck, city, United States

(Encyclopedia)Naugatuck nôgˈətŭkˌ [key], industrial borough (1990 pop. 30,625), New Haven co., SW Conn., on both sides of the Naugatuck River; settled 1704, inc. 1844. In 1843, Charles Goodyear established the...

vulcanization

(Encyclopedia)vulcanization vŭlˌkənəzāˈshən [key], treatment of rubber to give it certain qualities, e.g., strength, elasticity, and resistance to solvents, and to render it impervious to moderate heat and c...

Flory, Paul John

(Encyclopedia)Flory, Paul John, 1910–85, American chemist, b. Sterling, Ill., Ph.D. Ohio State Univ., 1934. Flory was a researcher with the DuPont Company (1934–37) and a professor at the Univ. of Cincinnati (1...

Aznavour, Charles

(Encyclopedia)Aznavour, Charles, 1924–2018, French singer, songwriter, and actor, b. Paris as Shahnourh Varinag Aznavourian. The son of ethnic Armenian refugees, he began performing while a child. Edith Piaf made...

Babbage, Charles

(Encyclopedia)Babbage, Charles băbˈĭj [key], 1792–1871, English mathematician and inventor. He devoted most of his life and expended much of his private fortune and a government subsidy in an attempt to perfec...

Bonnet, Charles

(Encyclopedia)Bonnet, Charles shärl bônāˈ [key], 1720–93, Swiss naturalist and philosopher. He drew attention to parthenogenesis in aphids, but his theories were highly fanciful and unscientific. His books in...

Booth, Charles

(Encyclopedia)Booth, Charles, 1840–1916, English social investigator, pioneer in developing the social survey method. Aided by the notable social scientist Beatrice Potter Webb, he made an exhaustive statistical ...

Baudelaire, Charles

(Encyclopedia)Baudelaire, Charles shärl bōdlârˈ [key], 1821–67, French poet and critic. His poetry, classical in form, introduced symbolism (see symbolists) by establishing symbolic correspondences among sens...

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