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Appia, Adolphe

(Encyclopedia)Appia, Adolphe ädôlfˈ äpˈpyä [key], 1862–1928, Swiss theorist of modern stage lighting and décor. In interpreting Wagner's ideas in scenic designs for his operas, Appia rejected painted scene...

Monticelli, Adolphe

(Encyclopedia)Monticelli, Adolphe ädôlfˈ môNtēsĕlēˈ [key], 1824–86, French painter. He worked in Paris and, after 1870, in his native Marseilles. Influenced by Watteau and Delacroix, he portrayed subjects...

Quetelet, Adolphe

(Encyclopedia)Quetelet, Adolphe ädôlfˈ kĕtəlāˈ [key], 1796–1874, Belgian statistician and astronomer. He was the first director (1828) of the Royal Observatory at Brussels. As supervisor of statistics for ...

Thiers, Adolphe

(Encyclopedia)Thiers, Adolphe ädôlfˈ tyĕr [key], 1797–1877, French statesman, journalist, and historian. After studying law at Aix-en-Provence, Thiers went (1821) to Paris and joined the group of writers that...

Niel, Adolphe

(Encyclopedia)Niel, Adolphe ädôlfˈ nyĕl [key], 1802–69, marshal of France under Napoleon III. He served with the corps of engineers in the Algerian campaigns, in the French intervention against the Roman repu...

Crémieux, (Isaac) Adolphe

(Encyclopedia)Crémieux, (Isaac) Adolphe ēsäkˈ ädôlfˈ krāmyöˈ [key], 1796–1880, Jewish-French statesman and political writer. A lawyer, he served briefly as minister of justice in the provisional governm...

Eboué, Félix Adolphe

(Encyclopedia)Eboué, Félix Adolphe fālēksˈ ädôlfˈ ĕbwāˈ [key], 1884–1944, French colonial official. After service in Martinique and in the Sudan, he became France's first black colonial governor. He se...

Cassandre, Adolphe Mouron

(Encyclopedia)Cassandre, Adolphe Mouron ädôlfˈ mo͞orôNˈ käsäNˈdrə [key], 1901–68, French poster artist, b. Russia. By 1923 he was celebrated as the artist of Bûcheron [woodcutter], a poster made for a ...

Brongniart, Adolphe Théodore

(Encyclopedia)Brongniart, Adolphe Théodore ädôlfˈ tāōdôrˈ brôNyärˈ [key], 1801–76, French botanist; son of Alexandre Brongniart. He was a pioneer in the study of plant morphology and physiology and was...

Adam, Adolphe Charles

(Encyclopedia)Adam, Adolphe Charles ädōlfˈ shärlˈ ädäNˈ [key], 1803–56, French composer of the popular song Cantique de Noël. He composed more than 50 stage works, including comic operas such as Le Posti...

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