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Klimt, Gustav

(Encyclopedia)Klimt, Gustav go͝osˈtäf klĭmt [key], 1862–1918, Austrian painter. He cofounded the Vienna Secession group, an alliance against 19th-century eclecticism in art, and in 1897 became its first presi...

Neue Galerie

(Encyclopedia)Neue Galerie [Ger.,=New Gallery], museum in New York City, specializing in early 20th-century fine and decorative art from Germany and Austria; est. 2001. One of the relatively small museum's two gall...

Schiele, Egon

(Encyclopedia)Schiele, Egon āˈgôn shēˈlə [key], 1890–1918, Austrian expressionist painter and draftsman, studied Vietta Academy of Fine Arts. Influenced by the French impressionists, then by Gustav Klimt, S...

secession, in art

(Encyclopedia)secession, in art, any of several associations of progressive artists, especially those in Munich, Berlin, and Vienna, who withdrew from the established academic societies or exhibitions. The artists ...

Gottheil, Gustav

(Encyclopedia)Gottheil, Gustav gŏtˈhīl [key], 1827–1903, American Reform rabbi, b. Prussia. He served as assistant (1855–60) in the Berlin Reform Temple and as rabbi (1860–73) in Manchester, England. From ...

Husák, Gustav

(Encyclopedia)Husák, Gustav go͝osˈtäf ho͝oˈsäk [key], 1913–91, Czechoslovakian political leader. A member of the Communist party from 1933, he helped to lead the Slovak national uprising against the German...

Meyer, Gustav

(Encyclopedia)Meyer, Gustav: see Meyrink, Gustav. ...

Meyrink, Gustav

(Encyclopedia)Meyrink, Gustav go͝osˈtäf mīˈrĭngk [key], 1868–1932, German author, b. Vienna. His original name was Gustav Meyer. A staff member of Simplicissimus from 1902, he became famous for his sketches...

Mahler, Gustav

(Encyclopedia)Mahler, Gustav go͝osˈtäf mäˈlər [key], 1860–1911, composer and conductor, born in Austrian Bohemia of Jewish parentage. Mahler studied at the Univ. of Vienna and the Vienna Conservatory. He wa...

Noske, Gustav

(Encyclopedia)Noske, Gustav go͝osˈtäf nôsˈkə [key], 1868–1946, German politician, a Social Democrat. A former member of the Reichstag, he was in charge of the armed forces after the republican revolution of...

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