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Sartre, Jean-Paul

(Encyclopedia)Sartre, Jean-Paul zhäN-pôl sär´tr [key], 1905–80, French philosopher, playwright, and novelist. Influenced by German philosophy, particularly that of Heidegger, Sartre was a leading exponent o...

Belmondo, Jean-Paul

(Encyclopedia)Belmondo, Jean-Paul zhäN-pl blmôNd´ [key], 1933–, French film actor, b. Neuilly-sur-Seine, studied Paris Conservatory. Belmondo made his film debut in 1957, but first gained fame in Breathl...

Beauvoir, Simone de

(Encyclopedia)Beauvoir, Simone de smôn´ d bvwär´ [key], 1908–86, French author. A leading exponent of existentialism, she is closely associated with Jean-Paul Sartre, with whom she had a life-long relat...

essence

(Encyclopedia)essence, in philosophy, the nature of a thing. Aristotle maintained that there is a distinction between the form of a thing—its intelligible, verbally formulable character—and the essence of a thi...

Sarraute, Nathalie

(Encyclopedia)Sarraute, Nathalie nätäl´ särt´ [key], 1900–1999, French novelist, b. Ivanovo, Russia, as Natasha Tcherniak; studied at the Sorbonne and Oxford. A lawyer, she joined (1925) a Paris firm. Sh...

Debray, Jules Régis

(Encyclopedia)Debray, Jules Régis zhül rzhs´ dbr´ [key], 1940–, French journalist and government official. He went to Cuba, taught philosophy at the Univ. of Havana, and, after lengthy conversations w...

Lanzmann, Claude

(Encyclopedia)Lanzmann, Claude, 1925–2018, French filmmaker and journalist, b. Paris. While his Jewish family was in hiding in rural France during World War II, Lanzmann joined the Resistance and fought the Nazis...

existentialism

(Encyclopedia)existentialism gzstn´shlzm, ks– [key], any of several philosophic systems, all centered on the individual and his relationship to the universe or to God. Important existentialists o...

Jean Paul

(Encyclopedia)Jean Paul: see Richter, Johann Paul Friedrich.

Paul, Jean

(Encyclopedia)Paul, Jean: see Richter, Johann Paul Friedrich.

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