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Montt, Jorge

(Encyclopedia)Montt, Jorge hôrˈhā mōnt [key], 1846–1922, Chilean vice admiral, president of Chile (1891–96). He was a distant relative of Manuel and Pedro Montt. A leader in the ruinous civil war against Ba...

Montt, Pedro

(Encyclopedia)Montt, Pedro mōnt [key], 1848–1910, president of Chile (1906–10). Son of Manuel Montt, he held with distinction several government posts. He was a minister under José Balmaceda but later joined...

Balmaceda, José

(Encyclopedia)Balmaceda, José hōsāˈ bälmäsāˈᵺä [key], 1840–91, president of Chile (1886–91). A leader of a liberal, anticlerical group, he was sent as minister (1878) to Argentina, where he successfu...

Montt, Manuel

(Encyclopedia)Montt, Manuel mōnt [key], 1809–80, president of Chile (1851–61). From a poverty-stricken childhood he rose to become one of Chile's most notable jurists. He held many prominent academic and gove...

Puerto Montt

(Encyclopedia)Puerto Montt mōnt [key], city (1992 pop. 130,730), capital of Los Lagos region, S central Chile, a port on Ancud Gulf, an inlet of the Pacific Ocean. It is the southern terminus of Chile's mainland r...

Guillén, Jorge

(Encyclopedia)Guillén, Jorge hôrˈhā gēlyānˈ [key], 1893–1984, Spanish poet. Guillén left Spain after the civil war (1939) and taught Spanish in the United States. His verse is difficult, terse, and lyrica...

Isaacs, Jorge

(Encyclopedia)Isaacs, Jorge hôrˈhā ēˈsäks [key], 1837–95, Colombian novelist. The son of a prosperous Englishman and a creole, Isaacs witnessed the ruin and premature death of his parents and the despoilmen...

Icaza, Jorge

(Encyclopedia)Icaza, Jorge hôrˈhā ēkäˈsä [key], 1906–78, Ecuadorian novelist. Icaza wrote in harsh, realistic terms against the exploitation of the Native American. His novel En las calles [in the streets]...

Amado, Jorge

(Encyclopedia)Amado, Jorge zhôrˈzhĭ əmäˈdo͝o [key], 1912–2001, Brazilian novelist. Amado's works deal largely with the poor urban black and mulatto communities of Bahia. His early novels, such as The Viole...

Manrique, Jorge

(Encyclopedia)Manrique, Jorge hôrˈhā mänrēˈkā [key], c.1440–1479, Spanish poet and soldier. Most of his verse is undistinguished, but his Coplas [couplets], on his father's death, are among the treasures o...

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