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Duarte, José Napoleón

(Encyclopedia)Duarte, José Napoleón dwärˈtā [key], 1925–90, president of El Salvador (1980–82, 1984–89). A Christian Democrat, he was mayor of San Salvador (1964–70). In 1972, Duarte was elected presid...

Duarte, king of Portugal

(Encyclopedia)Duarte dwärˈtə [key], 1391–1438, king of Portugal (1433–38), eldest of the five sons of John I. He was a “philosopher-king,” notable for his legal reforms and as the author of O leal consel...

Perón, Eva Duarte de

(Encyclopedia)Perón, Eva Duarte de āˈvä do͞oärˈtā ᵺā pĕrōnˈ [key], 1919–52, Argentine political leader. The second wife of Juan Perón, whom she married in 1945, she virtually co-governed the countr...

John I, king of Portugal

(Encyclopedia)John I (John the Great), 1357?–1433, king of Portugal (1385–1433), illegitimate son of Peter I. He was made (1364) grand master of the Knights of Aviz and exercised his influence in opposition to ...

Cela, Camilo José

(Encyclopedia)Cela, Camilo José kämēˈlō hōsāˈ thāˈlä [key], 1916–2002, Spanish novelist, short-story writer, and poet, b. Iria Flavia. Among the writers to emerge after the Spanish civil war, he won cr...

Hispaniola

(Encyclopedia)Hispaniola ĕspänyōˈlä [key], second largest island of the West Indies, 29,530 sq mi (76,483 sq km), between Cuba and Puerto Rico. Haiti occupies the western third of the island and the Dominican ...

Alfonso V, king of Portugal

(Encyclopedia)Alfonso V, 1432–81, king of Portugal (1438–81), son of Duarte and Queen Leonor. During his minority there was a struggle for the regency between the queen mother and Alfonso's uncle, Dom Pedro, du...

Perón, Juan Domingo

(Encyclopedia)Perón, Juan Domingo hwän dōmēngˈgō pĕrōnˈ, 1895–1974, president of Argentina (1946–55; 1973–74). In 1971, President Lanusse, convinced that political order could not be achieved with...

El Salvador

(Encyclopedia)CE5 El Salvador ĕl sälväᵺōrˈ , officially Republic of El Salvador, republic (2021 est. pop. ...

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