41 results found
Mao Zedong(Encyclopedia)Mao Zedong or Mao Tse-tungmou dz-doong [key], 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary strug...
Red Guards(Encyclopedia)Red Guards, in Chinese history, politically active students of the Cultural Revolution (1966–69), who organized units to carry out Mao Zedong's aim of rerevolutionizing Chinese society. As their num...
Jiang Qing(Encyclopedia)Jiang Qing or Chiang Ch'ingboth: jyäng jng [key], 1914–91, Chinese Communist political leader, wife of Mao Zedong. Born Li Jinhai or Li Shumeng, she was later known as Li Yunhe and Li He and chan...
Great Leap Forward(Encyclopedia)Great Leap Forward, 1957–60, Chinese economic plan aimed at revitalizing all sectors of the economy. Initiated by Mao Zedong, the plan emphasized decentralized, labor-intensive industrialization, ty...
Tiananmen Square(Encyclopedia)Tiananmen Square, large public square in Beijing, China, on the southern edge of the Inner or Tatar City. The square, named for its Gate of Heavenly Peace (Tiananmen), contains the monument to the her...
Mao Dun(Encyclopedia)Mao Dun: see: Mao Tun.
Mao Tun(Encyclopedia)Mao Tun or Mao Dunmou doon´ [key], pseud. of She Yen-pingsh´ yn´bng´ [key], 1896–1981, Chinese novelist and Minister of Culture (1949–65). His fiction offers a sympathetic portrayal of...
Peng Dehuai(Encyclopedia)Peng Dehuai or P'eng Teh-huaiboth: png´ d´hw´ [key], 1898–1974, Communist Chinese general and political leader. He held various command positions in the Red Army, and in 1934–35 he joined...
Hua Guofeng(Encyclopedia)Hua Guofeng or Hua Kuo-fengboth: hwä gwôfng [key], 1920–2008, Chinese Communist leader. He was relatively unknown until he became minister of public security and deputy premier in 1975. As Mao Z...
Gang of Four(Encyclopedia)Gang of Four, term of opprobrium given by the Chinese Communist authorities to four persons held responsible for the excesses of the Cultural Revolution (1966–69). They were also accused of trying t...
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