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Gallegos, Rómulo

(Encyclopedia)Gallegos, Rómulo rōˈmo͞olō gäyāˈgōs [key], 1884–1969, Venezuelan novelist and statesman. Gallegos lived in Spain in voluntary exile from the Venezuelan dictatorship from 1931 until 1935. He...

Patagonia

(Encyclopedia)Patagonia pätägōˈnyä [key], region, c.300,000 sq mi (777,000 sq km), primarily in S Argentina, S of the Río Colorado and E of the Andes, but including extreme SE Chile and N Tierra del Fuego. Pa...

Castro, Rosalía de

(Encyclopedia)Castro, Rosalía de käsˈtrō [key], 1837–85, Spanish poet and novelist. Castro's book of verse Cantares gallegos (1863) was the first important poetry in Galician since the 13th cent.; it reflect...

Betancourt, Rómulo

(Encyclopedia)Betancourt, Rómulo rōˈmo͞olō bĕtänko͝orˈ [key], 1908–81, Venezuelan political leader, president of Venezuela (1945–48, 1959–64). Following a stormy career as a leader of radical student...

Pérez Jiménez, Marcos

(Encyclopedia)Pérez Jiménez, Marcos märˈkōs pāˈrās hēmāˈnās [key], 1914–2001, president of Venezuela (1952–58). As an army captain he took part in the coup that installed (1945) the Democratic Actio...

Kirchner, Néstor Carlos

(Encyclopedia)Kirchner, Néstor Carlos nāˈstôr kärˈlōs kērchˈnâr [key], 1950–2010, Argentinean politician. A native of Patagonia, he was a lawyer and left-wing Peronist and, after two brief imprisonments...

Bolaño, Roberto

(Encyclopedia)Bolaño, Roberto bōlänˈyō [key], 1953–2003, Chilean novelist widely regarded as the most influential Spanish-language writer of his generation. He led a peripatetic life, and his fictional prota...

Spanish-American literature

(Encyclopedia)Spanish-American literature, the writings of both the European explorers of Spanish America and its later inhabitants. See also Spanish literature; Portuguese literature; Brazilian literature. T...

Venezuela

(Encyclopedia)CE5 Venezuela vĕnəzwāˈlə, Span. vānāswāˈlä, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, republic (2015 est. pop. 29,275,000), 352,143 sq mi (912,050 sq km), N South America. Venezuel...

Argentina

(Encyclopedia)CE5 Argentina ärjəntēˈnə, Span. ärhāntēˈnä , officially Argentine Republic, republic (2020 est. pop. 45,380,000), 1,072,157 sq mi (2,776,889 sq km), S ...

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