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Gagarin, Yuri Alekseyevich

(Encyclopedia)Gagarin, Yuri Alekseyevich yo͞oˈrē əlyĭksyāˈyəvĭch gägäˈrĭn [key], 1934–68, Russian astronaut (cosmonaut), b. near Gzhatsk, RSFSR. He was the first in history to be rocketed into orbita...

Baikonur Cosmodrome

(Encyclopedia)Baikonur or Baykonur Cosmodrome both: bīˌkəno͞orˈ [key], formerly secret aerospace launch complex, Qyzylorda prov., S central Kazakhstan, near Baikonur (originally, 1958–95, Leninsk) but c.200 ...

Olesha, Yuri

(Encyclopedia)Olesha, Yuri, 1899–1960, Russian novelist and dramatist. In his novel Envy (1927; tr. 1936) and in his other writing, Olesha focused on the conflict between the demands of an industrialized world an...

Andropov, Yuri Vladimirovich

(Encyclopedia)Andropov, Yuri Vladimirovich yo͞oˈrē vlədyēˈmĭravĭch əndrôˈpôf [key], 1914–84, Soviet Communist leader (1982–84). As ambassador to Hungary from 1954 to 1957, he played a major role in ...

Oganessian, Yuri Tsolakovich

(Encyclopedia)Oganessian, Yuri Tsolakovich, 1933–, b. Rostov-na-Donu, Russian nuclear physicist, Ph.D. Moscow State Univ. (1963), Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna (1970). Joining the JINR's Fler...

Lyubimov, Yuri Petrovich

(Encyclopedia)Lyubimov, Yuri Petrovich 1917–2014, Russian theater director, b. Yaroslavl, grad. B. V. Shchukin Drama School (1939). After service in World War II, he joined (1946) the Vakhtangov Theater as an act...

Balakirev, Mili Alekseyevich

(Encyclopedia)Balakirev, Mili Alekseyevich meˈlyĭ əlyĭksyāˈyəvĭch bələkēˈryĕf [key], 1837–1910, Russian composer and conductor, leader of the group called the Five. He founded (1862) the Free School ...

Cherenkov, Pavel Alekseyevich

(Encyclopedia)Cherenkov, Pavel Alekseyevich päˈvĭl əlyĭksyāˈyəvĭch chərĕngˈkəf [key], 1904–90, Soviet physicist. He shared with the Soviet physicists I. M. Frank and I. Y. Tamm the 1958 Nobel Prize i...

Brusilov, Aleksey Alekseyevich

(Encyclopedia)Brusilov, Aleksey Alekseyevich əlyĭksyāˈ əlyĭksyāˈəvĭch bro͞osēˈləf [key], 1853–1926, Russian general. As a commander in World War I, he won victories in Galicia. In 1916 he organized ...

Bunin, Ivan Alekseyevich

(Encyclopedia)Bunin, Ivan Alekseyevich bo͞oˈnĭn, Rus. ēvänˈ əlyĭksyāˈyəvĭch bo͞oˈnyĭn [key], 1870–1953, Russian writer. Born of a poor aristocratic family, he was encouraged in his literary precoci...

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