Utah flag

Capital: Salt Lake City

State abbreviation/Postal code: Utah/UT

Governor: Gary Herbert, R (to Jan. 2019)

Lieut. Governor: Spencer J. Cox, R (to Jan. 2019)

Senators: Mike Lee, R (to Jan. 2023); Orrin G. Hatch, R (to Jan. 2019)

U.S. Representatives: 4

Historical biographies of Congressional members

Organized as territory: Sept. 9, 1850

Entered Union (rank): Jan. 4, 1896 (45)

Present constitution adopted: 1896

Motto: Industry

State symbols:

flowersego lily (1911)
treeblue spruce (1933)
birdCalifornia gull (1955)
emblembeehive (1959)
song“Utah, We Love Thee” (1953)
animalRocky Mountain elk (1971)
insecthoneybee (1983)
grassIndian rice grass (1990)
fossilallosaurus (1988)
cooking potdutch oven (1997)
fishBonneville cutthroat trout (1997)
fruitcherry (1997)
rockcoal (1991)

Nickname: Beehive State

Origin of name: From the Ute tribe, meaning “people of the mountains”

10 largest cities (2010 est.): Salt Lake City,186,440; West Valley City, 129,480;Provo, 112,488; West Jordan, 103,712; Orem, 88,328; Sandy, 87,461; Ogden, 82,825; St. George, 72,897; Layton, 67,311; Taylorsville, 58,652

Land area: 84,899 sq mi (219,653 km2)

Geographic center: In Sanpete Co., 3 mi. N. of Manti

Number of counties: 29

Largest county by population and area: Salt Lake, 1,029,655 (2010); San Juan, 7,821 sq mi.

National parks: 5

National monuments: 6

State parks/forests: 40

Residents: Utahan, Utahn

2016 resident population est.:  3,051,217

2010 resident census population (rank): 2,763,885 (34). Male: 1,388,317 (50.2%); Female: 1,375,568 (49.8%). White: 2,379,560 (86.1%); Black: 29,287 (1.1%); American Indian: 32,927 (1.2%); Asian: 55,285 (2.0%); Other race: 93,405 (6.0%); Two or more races: 75,518 (2.7%); Hispanic/Latino: 358,340 (13.0%). 2010 percent population 18 and over: 68.5; 65 and over: 9.0; median age: 29.2

See additional census data

Area codes

Tourism office

The region was first explored for Spain by Franciscan friars Escalante and Dominguez in 1776. In 1824 the famous American frontiersman Jim Bridger discovered the Great Salt Lake.

Fleeing religious persecution in the East and Midwest, the Mormons arrived in 1847 and began to build Salt Lake City. The U.S. acquired the Utah region in the treaty ending the Mexican War in 1848, and the first transcontinental railroad was completed with the driving of a golden spike at Promontory Summit in 1869.

Mormon difficulties with the federal government about polygamy did not end until the Mormon Church renounced the practice in 1890, six years before Utah became a state.

Rich in natural resources, Utah has long been a leading producer of copper, gold, silver, lead, zinc, potassium salts, and molybdenum. Oil and natural gas have also become major products. Utah is the only state that produces gilsonite, a pure form of asphalt used in dark colored printing inks and paints, oil well drilling muds and cements, asphalt modifiers, foundry sands additives, and a wide variety of chemical products.

The state's top agricultural commodities include cattle and calves, dairy products, hay, greenhouse and nursery products, and hogs.

Utah's traditional industries of agriculture and mining are complemented by increased tourism and growing aerospace, biomedical, and computer-related businesses.

Utah is a great vacationland with 11,000 mi of fishing streams and 147,000 acres of lakes and reservoirs. Among the many tourist attractions are Arches, Bryce Canyon, Canyonlands, Capitol Reef, and Zion National Parks; Cedar Breaks, Dinosaur, Hovenweep, Natural Bridges, Rainbow Bridge, Timpanogos Cave, and Grand Staircase (Escalante) National Monuments; the Mormon Tabernacle in Salt Lake City; and Monument Valley. Salt Lake City hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics.

Utah is also host to the internationally known Sundance Film Festival. Held every January, Sundance is one of the largest independent film festivals in the United States. In 2012, there were 46,731 attendees. In 2013, a record 12,146 films were submitted and the festival had 1,803 volunteers.

See more on Utah:
Encyclopedia: Utah
Encyclopedia: Geography
Encyclopedia: Economy
Encyclopedia: Government
Encyclopedia: History
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Selected famous natives and residents:

See also: