Facts & Figures

Map of Chile
  • Official name: The Republic of Chile (La República de Chile)

    President: Gabriel Boric (2022)

    Land area: 287,187 sq mi (743,812 sq km); total area: 291,932 sq mi (756,102 sq km)

    Population (2022 est.): 18,430,408 (growth rate: 0.66%); birth rate: 12.75/1000; infant mortality rate: 6.55/1000; life expectancy: 79.79

    Capital and largest city (2022 est.): Santiago de Chile, 6.857 million

    Other large cities: Valparaiso 1.000 million; Concepcion 902,000 (2022)

    Monetary unit: Chilean Peso

    National name: República de Chile

    Current Government Officials

    Language: Spanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2% note: the sum is greater than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2012 est.)

    Ethnicity/race: white and non-indigenous 88.9%, Mapuche 9.1%, Aymara 0.7%, other indigenous groups 1% (includes Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan or Yamana), unspecified 0.3% (2012 est.)

    National Holiday: Independence Day, September 18

    Religions: Roman Catholic 60%, Evangelical 18%, atheist or agnostic 4%, none 17% (2018 est.)

    Literacy rate: 96.4% (2017 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2020 est.): $445.88 billion; per capita $23,300. Real growth rate: 1.03%. Inflation: 2.2%. Unemployment: 7.22%. Arable land: 1.7%. Agriculture: grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans; beef, poultry, wool; fish; timber. Labor force: 7.249 million; agriculture 9.2%, industry 23.7%, services 67.1% (2013). Industries: copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles. Natural resources: copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower. Exports: $79.8 billion (2020 est.): copper, fruit, fish products, paper and pulp, chemicals, wine. Imports: $66.43 billion (2020 est.): petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, electrical and telecommunications equipment, industrial machinery, vehicles, natural gas. Major trading partners: U.S., Japan, China, South Korea, Brazil, Argentina (2019).

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 2,567,938 (2020); mobile cellular: 25,068,249 (2020). Broadcast media: national and local terrestrial TV channels, coupled with extensive cable TV networks; the state-owned Television Nacional de Chile (TVN) network is self financed through commercial advertising revenues and is not under direct government control; large number of privately owned TV stations; about 250 radio stations (2020). Internet hosts: 3,763,826 (2020). Internet users: 16,822,264 (2020).

    Transportation: Railways: total: 7,282 km (2014). Highways: total: 77,764 (2010). Waterways: 725 km. Ports and harbors: Coronel, Huasco, Lirquen, Puerto Ventanas, San Antonio, San Vicente, Valparaiso. Airports: 481 (2021 est.).

    Major sources and definitions


Flag of Chile


See also: