Facts & Figures
President: Michelle Bachelet (2014)
Land area: 289,112 sq mi (748,800 sq km); total area: 292,260 sq mi (756,950 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 17,363,894 (growth rate: 0.84%); birth rate: 13.97/1000; infant mortality rate: 7.02/1000; life expectancy: 78.44
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Santiago, 6.034 million
Other large cities: Valparaiso 883,000; Concepcion 770,000 (2011)
Monetary unit: Chilean Peso
National name: República de Chile
Language: Spanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2% note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2012 est.)
Ethnicity/race: white and non-indigenous 88.9%, Mapuche 9.1%, Aymara 0.7%, other indigenous groups 1% (includes Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan or Yamana), unspecified 0.3% (2012 est.)
National Holiday: Independence Day, September 18
Religions: Roman Catholic 66.7%, Evangelical or Protestant 16.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1%, other 3.4%, none 11.5%, unspecified 1.1% (2012 est.)
Literacy rate: 98.6% (2009 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $335.4 billion; per capita $19,100. Real growth rate: 4.4%. Inflation: 1.7%. Unemployment: 6%. Arable land: 1.74%. Agriculture: grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans; beef, poultry, wool; fish; timber. Labor force: 8.367 million; agriculture 13.2%, industry 23%, services 63.9% (2005). Industries: copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles. Natural resources: copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower. Exports: $77.94 billion (2013 est.): copper, fruit, fish products, paper and pulp, chemicals, wine. Imports: $75.7 billion (2013 est.): petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, electrical and telecommunications equipment, industrial machinery, vehicles, natural gas. Major trading partners: U.S., Japan, China, South Korea, Brazil, Argentina (2012).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 3.276 million (2012); mobile cellular: 24.13 million (2012). Broadcast media: national and local terrestrial TV channels, coupled with extensive cable TV networks; the state-owned Television Nacional de Chile (TVN) network is self financed through commercial advertising revenues and is not under direct government control; large number of privately owned TV stations; about 250 radio stations (2007). Internet hosts: 2.152 million (2012). Internet users: 7.009 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 7,082 km (2008). Highways: total: 77,764 (2010). Waterways: 725 km. Ports and harbors: Coronel, Huasco, Lirquen, Puerto Ventanas, San Antonio, San Vicente, Valparaiso. Airports: 481 (2013 est.).
International disputes: Chile and Peru rebuff Bolivia's reactivated claim to restore the Atacama corridor, ceded to Chile in 1884, but Chile has offered instead unrestricted but not sovereign maritime access through Chile to Bolivian natural gas; Chile rejects Peru's unilateral legislation to change its latitudinal maritime boundary with Chile to an equidistance line with a southwestern axis favoring Peru; in October 2007, Peru took its maritime complaint with Chile to the ICJ; territorial claim in Antarctica (Chilean Antarctic Territory) partially overlaps Argentine and British claims; the joint boundary commission, established by Chile and Argentina in 2001, has yet to map and demarcate the delimited boundary in the inhospitable Andean Southern Ice Field (Campo de Hielo Sur).