Facts & Figures
President: Raúl Castro (2008)
Total area: 42,803 sq mi (110,860 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 11,047,251 (growth rate: -0.14%); birth rate: 9.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.7/1000; life expectancy: 78.22
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Havana, 2.116 million
Other large cities: Santiago de Cuba, 554,400; Camagüey, 354,400; Holguin, 319,300; Guantánamo, 274,300; Santa Clara, 251,800
Monetary unit: Cuban Peso
National name: República de Cuba
National Holiday: Triumph of the Revolution, December 10
Religions: nominally Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jewish, Santeria
Literacy rate: 99.8% (2011 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2023 est.): $121 billion; per capita $10,200 . Real growth rate: 3.1%. Inflation: 6%. Unemployment: 4.3%. Arable land: 32.31%. Agriculture: sugar, tobacco, citrus, coffee, rice, potatoes, beans; livestock. Labor force: 5.233 million; note: state sector 72.3%, non-state sector 27.7% (2013 est.); agriculture 19.7%, industry 17.1%, services 63.2% (2011). Industries: sugar, petroleum, tobacco, construction, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, pharmaceuticals. Natural resources: cobalt, nickel, iron ore, copper, manganese, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land. Exports: $6.252 billion (2013 est.): sugar, nickel, tobacco, fish, medical products, citrus, coffee. Imports: $13.6 billion (2013 est.): petroleum, food, machinery and equipment, chemicals. Major trading partners: Netherlands, Canada, China, Spain, Venezuela, U.S., Brazil (2012).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.217 million (2012); mobile cellular: 1.682 million (2012). Broadcast media: government owns and controls all broadcast media with private ownership of electronic media prohibited; government operates 4 national TV networks and many local TV stations; government operates 6 national radio networks, an international station, and many local radio stations; Radio-TV Marti is beamed from the US (2007). Internet hosts: 3,244 (2012). Internet users: 1.606 million note: private citizens are prohibited from buying computers or accessing the Internet without special authorization; foreigners may access the Internet in large hotels but are subject to firewalls; some Cubans buy illegal passwords on the black market or take advantage of public outlets to access limited email and the government-controlled "intranet" (2005).
Transportation: Railways: total: 8,203 km (2011). Roadways: total: 60,858 km; paved: 29,820 km (including 638 km of expressway); unpaved: 31,038 km (2011 est.). Waterways: 240 km (2011). Ports and harbors: Antilla, Cienfuegos, Guantanamo, Havana, Matanzas, Mariel, Nuevitas Bay, Santiago de Cuba. Airports: 133 (2013 est.).
International disputes: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay is leased to US and only mutual agreement or US abandonment of the area can terminate the lease.