Facts & Figures
President: Danilo Medina (2012)
Land area: 18,680 sq mi (48,381 sq km); total area: 18,815 sq mi (48,730 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 10,349,741 (growth rate: 1.25%); birth rate: 18.97/1000; infant mortality rate: 19.63/1000; life expectancy: 77.8
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Santo Domingo, 2.191 million
Other large city: Santiago de los Caballeros, 501,800
Monetary unit: Dominican Peso
National name: República Dominicana
Ethnicity/race: mixed 73%, white 16%, black 11%
National Holiday: Independence Day, February 27
Religion: Roman Catholic 95%, other 5%
Literacy rate: 90.1% (2011 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $101 billion; per capita $9,700. Real growth rate: 2%. Inflation: 5%. Unemployment: 15%. Arable land: 16.44%. Agriculture: sugarcane, coffee, cotton, cocoa, tobacco, rice, beans, potatoes, corn, bananas; cattle, pigs, dairy products, beef, eggs. Labor force: 4.912 million (2013 est); services 63.1%, industry 22.3%, agriculture 14.6% (1998 est.). Industries: tourism, sugar processing, ferronickel and gold mining, textiles, cement, tobacco. Natural resources: nickel, bauxite, gold, silver. Exports: $9.825 billion (2013 est.): ferronickel, sugar, gold, silver, coffee, cocoa, tobacco, meats, consumer goods. Imports: $16.8 billion (2013 est.): foodstuffs, petroleum, cotton and fabrics, chemicals and pharmaceuticals. Major trading partners: U.S., UK, Haiti, China, Venezuela, Colombia, Mexico (2012).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.065 million (2012); mobile cellular: 9.038 million (2012). Broadcast media: combination of state-owned and privately owned broadcast media; 1 state-owned TV network and a number of private TV networks; networks operate repeaters to extend signals throughout country; combination of state-owned and privately owned radio stations with more than 300 radio stations operating (2007). Internet hosts: 404,500 (2012). Internet users: 2.701 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 142 km (2008). Roadways: total: 19,705 km; (2002). Ports and harbors: Boca Chica, Puerto Plata, Rio Haina, Santo Domingo. Airports: 36 (2013).
International disputes: Haitian migrants cross the porous border into the Dominican Republic to find work; illegal migrants from the Dominican Republic cross the Mona Passage each year to Puerto Rico to find better work.