Top News Stories from 1935
Population: 4.378 billionpopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize: Karl von Ossietzky (Germany)More World Statistics...
- Nazis repudiate Versailles Treaty, introduce compulsory military service.
- Mussolini invades Ethiopia; League of Nations invokes sanctions.
- Persia becomes Iran under Reza Shah Pahlevi.
- Nazis enact Nuremberg Laws against Jews to prevent "racial pollution." Heinrich Himmler starts breeding program to produce "Aryan super race."
President: Franklin D Roosevelt
Vice President: John N. Garner
Population: 127,250,232More U.S. Statistics...
- Roosevelt opens second phase of New Deal in U.S., calling for social security, better housing, equitable taxation, and farm assistance.
- Huey Long assassinated in Louisiana.
- George H. Gallup begins the "Gallup Poll." In 1936 the poll will successfully predict outcome of the presidential election.
Federal spending: $6.41 billion
Consumer Price Index: $13.7
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03
World SeriesDetroit d. Chicago Cubs (4-2)
Stanley CupMontreal Maroons d. Toronto
WimbledonWomen: Helen Moody d. H. Jacobs (6-3 3-6 7-5)
Men: Fred Perry d. G. von Cramm (6-2 6-4 6-4)
Kentucky Derby ChampionOmaha
NCAA Football ChampionsMinnesota (CFRA, NCF, HF) (8-0-0) & SMU (DS) (12-1-0)
- Although a primitive, two-color process was first used in 1922, audiences weren't impressed by Technicolor until a three-color system appeared in Becky Sharp.
- George Gershwin combines black folk idiom and Broadway musical techniques in Porgy and Bess.
- Allen Lane's Penguin Press, an English publishing house, reintroduces the paperback book.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Frédéric and Irène Joliot-Curie (both France), for synthesis of new radioactive elements
Physics: James Chadwick (UK), for discovery of the neutron
Physiology or Medicine: Hans Spemann (Germany), for discovery of the organizer effect in embryonic developmentMore Nobel Prizes in 1998...
- Du Pont chemist Wallace Hume Carothers creates nylon, the first completely synthetic fabric.
- Aircraft-detecting radar is pioneered by Robert Watson-Watt in England.
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