Top News Stories from 1942
- Nazi leaders attend the Wannsee Conference to coordinate the "final solution to the Jewish question," the systematic genocide of Jews known as the Holocaust.
- Declaration of United Nations is signed in Washington.
President: Franklin D Roosevelt
Vice President: Henry A. Wallace
Population: 134,859,553More U.S. Statistics...
- More than 120,000 Japanese and persons of Japanese ancestry living in western U.S. moved to "relocation centers," some for the duration of the war (Executive Order 9066).
- Coconut Grove nightclub fire in Boston kills 491. Background: Fires and Explosions
- Women's military services established. Background: Female Military Personnel on Active Duty by Grade, September 1998. See Also: Women's History
- Kaiser Foundation Health Plan, first health maintenance organization (HMO), begins in Oakland, Calif.
Federal spending: $35.14 billion
Federal debt $79.2 billion
Consumer Price Index: $16.3
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03
World SeriesSt. Louis Cardinals d. NY Yankees (4-1)
Stanley CupToronto d. Detroit
Kentucky Derby ChampionShut Out
NCAA Basketball ChampionshipStanford d. Dartmouth
NCAA Football ChampionsOhio St. (9-1-0)
- Casablanca premieres in theaters.
- Bing Crosby releases "White Christmas," from the film Holiday Inn. The song goes on to be the all-time, top-selling song from a film.
- RCA Victor sprays gold over Glenn Miller's million-copy-seller Chattanooga Choo Choo, creating the first "gold record."
- The first safe self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction is accomplished by Erico Fermi, Edward Teller and Leo Szilard at the University of Chicago.
- Harvard University chemist Louis F. Fieser invents napalm, a jelly-like mixture of gasoline and palm oils that sticks to its target until it burns out.
- Radar comes into operational use.
- The U.S. government establishes the Manhattan Project, led by Robert Oppenheimer, to coordinate ongoing American efforts to design and build the atomic bomb.