Top News Stories from 1953
Population: 4.378 billionpopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize: George C. Marshall (US)More World Statistics...
- Joseph Stalin dies (March 5). Georgi Malenkov becomes Soviet Premier; Lavrenti Beria, Minister of Interior; Vyacheslav Molotov, Foreign Minister (March 6). Background: Rulers of Russia since 1533
- East Berliners rise against Communist rule; quelled by tanks (June 17).
- Korean armistice signed (July 27).
- Moscow announces explosion of hydrogen bomb (Aug. 20). Background: nuclear weapons
- Tito becomes president of Yugoslavia.
President: Dwight D. Eisenhower
Vice President: Richard M. Nixon
Life expectancy: 68.8 years
Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 4.8More U.S. Statistics...
- Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower inaugurated President of United States (Jan. 20).
- Julius and Ethel Rosenberg executed in Sing Sing prison (June 19).
- Alleged Communist Charlie Chaplin leaves U.S. for good. Justice Dept. warns him any attempt to reenter the country will be challenged.
US GDP (1998 dollars): $379.7 billion
Federal spending: $76.10 billion
Federal debt $266.0 billion
Consumer Price Index: $26.7
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03
World SeriesNY Yankees d. Brooklyn Dodgers (4-2)
NBA ChampionshipMinneapolis Lakers d. New York
Stanley CupMontreal d. Boston
WimbledonWomen: Maureen Connolly d. D. Hart (8-6 7-5)
Men: Vic Seixas d. K. Nielsen (9-7 6-3 6-4)
Kentucky Derby ChampionDark Star
NCAA Basketball ChampionshipIndiana d. Kansas
NCAA Football ChampionsMaryland (10-1-0)
Entertainment AwardsPulitzer Prizes
Drama: Picnic, William Inge
Academy Award, Best Picture: The Greatest Show on Earth, Cecil B. DeMille, producer (Paramount)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Sir Winston Churchill (UK)
Miss America: Neva Jane Langley (GA)More Entertainment Awards...
- The first issue of TV Guide magazine hits the newsstands on April 3 in 10 cities with a circulation of 1,560,000.
- To counteract the threat of television, Hollywood thinks big and develops wide-screen processes such as CinemaScope, first seen in The Robe.
- Loretta Young abandons Hollywood for her stylish debut on the small screen.
- Lucille Ball gives birth to Desi Arnaz, Jr. on same day the fictional Little Ricky is born on I Love Lucy.
- Playboy magazine hits newsstands. A nude Marilyn Monroe graces the cover.
- The Robe, From Here to Eternity, Shane, Roman Holiday
- William Burroughs, Junkie
- Randall Jarrell, Poetry and the Age
- Henry Miller, Plexus
- Alain Robbe-Grillet, The Erasers
- Jean Stafford, Children are Bored on Sunday
- James Baldwin, Go Tell It on the Mountain
- Saul Bellow, The Adventures of Augie March
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Hermann Staudinger (Germany), for research in giant molecules
Physics: Fritz Zernike (Netherlands), for development of ""phase contrast"" microscope
Physiology or Medicine: Fritz A. Lipmann (Germany-US) and Hans Adolph Krebs (Germany-UK), for studies of living cells
Physiology or Medicine: The Old Man and the Sea, Ernest HemingwayMore Nobel Prizes in 1998...
- Rosalind Franklin (England), Francis Crick (England), and James Watson (US) discover the double-helical structure of DNA. Background: genetic engineering
- Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay of Nepal reach the top of Mt. Everest (May 29). Background: Everest Almanac
- First successful open-heart surgery is performed in Philadelphia. Background: Health & Nutrition