Massachusetts: Facts and Figures

Facts and Figures

Area, 8,257 sq mi (21,386 sq km). Pop. (2020) 6,892,503, a 5.3% increase since the 2010 census. As of the 2020 census, the state's population was: White alone, 80.6%; Black alone, 9%; Hispanic or Latino, 12.4%; American Indian and Alaska native alone, 0.5%; Asian alone, 7.2%; Two or More Races, 2.6%. Capital and largest city, Boston. Statehood, Feb. 6, 1788 (6th of the original 13 states to ratify the Constitution). Highest pt., Mt. Greylock, 3,491 ft (1,065 m); lowest pt., sea level. Nickname, Bay State. Motto, Ense Petit Placidam Sub Libertate Quietem [By the Sword We Seek Peace, But Peace Only under Liberty]. State bird, chickadee. State flower, mayflower. State tree, American elm. Abbr., Mass.; MA

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