The ancestors of the Philippines' aboriginal inhabitants—the Negritos or Aeta—come from the Asian mainland, crossing shallow seas and land bridges. (Archaeological evidence suggests that the Philippines may have been inhabited many thousands of years before then, but that can't be stated with certainty. The oldest human fossil found so far is 22,000 years old.)
About 3000 B.C.
New inhabitants come from Indonesia. This is repeated around 1000 B.C.
About 200 B.C.
The first of several waves of Malayan settlers arrives from South China.
Extensive trade is being conducted with India, Indonesia, China, and Japan. Arab traders from Indonesia introduce Islam to the Filipinos.
Insurrection ends; Taft improves economic conditions, settles disputes over church ownership of land, establishes pensionado program, allowing Filipinos to study in U.S., which helped modernize and westernize the country
U.S. government passes Jones Law establishing elected Filipino legislature with house and senate
U.S. approves Tydings-McDuffie Act promising Philippine independence in 1946; transition to independence begins