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Andes

(Encyclopedia)Andes ănˈdēz, mountain system, more than 5,000 mi (8,000 km) long, W South America. The ranges run generally parallel to the Pacific coast and extend from Tierra del Fuego northward, across the equ...

Christ of the Andes

(Encyclopedia)Christ of the Andes, statue of Jesus commemorating a series of peace and boundary treaties between Argentina and Chile. Dedicated Mar. 13, 1904, it stands in Uspallata Pass, high in the Andes, on the ...

Transandine Railway

(Encyclopedia)Transandine Railway, former rail line, 156 mi (251 km) long, between Mendoza, Argentina, and Los Andes, Chile, traversing the Andes at Uspallata Pass. Opened to traffic in 1910, the railway rose to c....

Cordilleras

(Encyclopedia)Cordilleras kôrdĭlˈərəz, Span. kōrdēyāˈräs [key] [Span., originally=little string], general name for the entire chain of mountain systems of W North America, extending from N Alaska to Nicar...

Huila, Nevado del

(Encyclopedia)Huila, Nevado del nāväˈdō dĕl hwēˈlä [key], snow-capped volcanic mountain, 17,594 ft (5,364 m) high, on the Huila-Tolima-Cauca dept. border, S central Colombia, in the N Andes. Located c.50 mi...

Cuenca, city, Ecuador

(Encyclopedia)Cuenca kwĕngˈkä [key], city, alt. c.8,000 ft (2,440 m), capital of Azuay prov., S central ...

Puyehue–Cordón Caulle

(Encyclopedia)Puyehue–Cordón Caulle, volcanic complex, SE Chile, in the Andes Mts. within Puyehue National Park. The volcanic chain comprises (NW to SE) the Cordillera Nevada caldera (5,902 ft/1,799 m high), the...

Huaynaputina

(Encyclopedia)Huaynaputina, volcano, 15,912 ft (4,850 m) high, Moquegua region, S Peru, in the central Andes. A stratovolcano, it lies on the W rim of the Río Tambo canyon and has several ash cones within its crat...

civilization

(Encyclopedia)civilization, culture with a relatively high degree of elaboration and technical development. The term civilization also designates that complex of cultural elements that first appeared in human histo...

Uspallata Pass

(Encyclopedia)Uspallata Pass o͞ospäyäˈtä [key], c.12,500 ft (3,810 m) high, over the Andes between Mendoza, Argentina, and Santiago, Chile. A trail—and later a rough road—for men and pack animals was used ...

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