61 results found
Marxism(Encyclopedia)Marxism, economic and political philosophy named for Karl Marx. It is also known as scientific (as opposed to utopian) socialism. Marxism has had a profound impact on contemporary culture; modern comm...
Horkheimer, Max(Encyclopedia)Horkheimer, Max hôrk´hmr, hôr´k– [key], 1895–1973, German philosopher and sociologist. As director (1930–58) of the Institute for Social Research in Frankfurt, he played an importa...
Bernstein, Eduard(Encyclopedia)Bernstein, Eduard ´dooärt brn´shtn [key], 1850–1932, German socialist. From 1872 he was actively associated with the Social Democratic party. In 1878, antisocialist legislation sent him i...
Koakowski, Leszek(Encyclopedia)Koakowski, Leszek lsh´k kôwkôf´sk [key], 1927–2009, Polish philosopher, b. Radom, Ph.D Univ. of Warsaw, 1953. A Marxist revisionist and a critic of the Eastern European Communism he ...
Hyndman, Henry Mayers(Encyclopedia)Hyndman, Henry Mayers hnd´mn [key], 1842–1921, English Socialist, an early advocate of Marxism in England. He was a journalist by profession. In 1881 he founded the parent organization of the S...
Eastman, Max(Encyclopedia)Eastman, Max, 1883–1969, American author, b. Canandaigua, N.Y., grad. Williams, 1905. For many years a Communist and a leader of American liberal thought, he edited the left-wing periodicals The Mas...
Guesde, Jules(Encyclopedia)Guesde, Jules zhül gd [key], 1845–1922, French socialist, whose original name was Basile. Exiled for his support of the Paris commune, he became a confirmed Marxist after 1876 and, with Paul Lafa...
Plekhanov, Georgi Valentinovich(Encyclopedia)Plekhanov, Georgi Valentinovich gôr´g vlynty´nvch plykhä´nf [key], 1857–1918, Russian revolutionary and social philosopher. He was a leader in introducing Marxist theory to Ru...
Li Dazhao(Encyclopedia)Li Dazhao l dä-jou [key], 1888–1927, professor of history and librarian at Beijing Univ., cofounder of the Chinese Communist party with Chen Duxiu. He was the first important Chinese intellectual...
Brown, Norman Oliver(Encyclopedia)Brown, Norman Oliver, 1913–2002, American scholar, philosopher, and social critic, b. El Oro, Mexico; grad. Oxford (1936), Univ. of Wisconsin (Ph.D.). A classicist much influenced by Freud, Brown th...
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