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Psamtik

(Encyclopedia)Psamtik sämˈtĭk, sămˈ– [key], Lat. Psammetichus, d. 609 b.c., king of ancient Egypt, founder of the XXVI dynasty. When his father, Necho, lord of Saïs under the Assyrians, was defeated and kil...

Necho fl. 670 b.c., lord of Saïs, Egypt

(Encyclopedia)Necho nēˈkō [key], fl. 670 b.c., lord of Saïs, Egypt. He was confirmed in his holding after the Assyrian conquest in 670; he was later taken to Nineveh in chains for plotting to revolt but was par...

Cambyses

(Encyclopedia)Cambyses kămbīˈsēz [key], two kings of the Achaemenid dynasty of Persia. Cambyses I was king (c.600 b.c.) of Ansham, ruling as a vassal of Media. According to Herodotus he married the daughter of ...

Necho 609–593 b.c., king of ancient, Egypt

(Encyclopedia)Necho nēˈkō [key], 609–593 b.c., king of ancient Egypt, 2d ruler of the XXVI dynasty, the son and successor of Psamtik and grandson of Necho, lord of Saïs. Necho took advantage of the confusion ...

Naucratis

(Encyclopedia)Naucratis nŏkˈrətĭs [key], ancient city of Egypt, on the Canopic branch of the Nile, 45 mi (72 km) SE of Alexandria. It was probably given (7th cent. b.c.) by Psamtik to Greek colonists from Milet...

Pelusium

(Encyclopedia)Pelusium pĭlo͞oˈshēəm [key], ancient city of Egypt, on the easternmost branch of the Nile (long since silted up) and c.20 mi (30 km) E of modern Port Said. It was especially important as a fronti...

Apries

(Encyclopedia)Apries āˈprē–ēz [key], king of ancient Egypt (588–569 b.c.), of the XXVI dynasty; successor of Psamtik II. Apries sought to recover Syria and Palestine. He attacked Tyre and Sidon but failed (...

Tahpanhes

(Encyclopedia)Tahpanhes tēhăfˈnĭhēz [key], ancient city, NE Egypt, on Lake Manzala. The site is now on the Suez Canal. Herodotus states that the city (called by the Greeks Daphnae) had a garrison of Psamtik's ...

Assurbanipal

(Encyclopedia)Assurbanipal äˈsho͝or– [key], d. 626? b.c., king of ancient Assyria (669–633 b.c.), son and successor of Esar-Haddon. The last of the great kings of Assyria, he drove Taharka out of Egypt and f...

Dynasties of Ancient Egypt (table)

(Encyclopedia)Dynasties of Ancient Egypt Old Kingdom (or Old Empire) First Intermediate Period Middle Kingdom (or Middle Empire) Second Intermediate Period New Kingdom (or New Empire) ...

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