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poliomyelitis

(Encyclopedia)poliomyelitis pōˌlēōmīˌəlīˈtĭs [key], polio, or infantile paralysis, acute viral infection, mainly of children but also affecting older persons. Historically, there were three immunologic ty...

polio

(Encyclopedia)polio: see poliomyelitis.

Flexner, Simon

(Encyclopedia)Flexner, Simon, 1863–1946, American pathologist, b. Louisville, Ky., M.D. Univ. of Louisville, 1889; brother of Abraham Flexner. He served with the Rockefeller Institute (now Rockfeller Univ.) from ...

atrophy

(Encyclopedia)atrophy ătˈrəfē [key], diminution in the size of a cell, tissue, or organ from its fully developed normal size. Temporary atrophy may occur in muscles that are not used, as when a limb is encased ...

clubfoot

(Encyclopedia)clubfoot or talipes tălˈəpēzˌ [key], deformity in which the foot is twisted out of position. Maldevelopment is usually congenital, although it can result from injury or disease (e.g., poliomyelit...

Kenny, Elizabeth

(Encyclopedia)Kenny, Elizabeth, 1886–1952, Australian nurse, b. New South Wales, grad. St. Ursula's College, Australia, 1902. She became “Sister” Kenny as a first lieutenant nurse (1914–18) in the Australia...

Landsteiner, Karl

(Encyclopedia)Landsteiner, Karl kärl läntˈshtīnər [key], 1868–1943, American medical research worker, b. Vienna, M.D. Univ. of Vienna, 1891. In 1922 he came to the United States to join the staff of the Rock...

orthopedics

(Encyclopedia)orthopedics ôrthəpēˈdĭks [key], medical specialty concerned with deformities, injuries, and diseases of the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles. Most of the early advances in orthopedi...

Sabin, Albert Bruce

(Encyclopedia)Sabin, Albert Bruce sāˈbĭn [key], 1906–93, American physician and microbiologist, b. Bialystock, Russia, grad. New York Univ. (B.S., 1928; M.D., 1931). He emigrated to the United States in 1921 a...

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