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syphilis

(Encyclopedia)syphilis sĭfˈəlĭs, contagious sexually transmitted disease caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum (described by Fritz Schaudinn and Erich Hoffmann in 1905). Syphilis was not widely recognized...

chancre

(Encyclopedia)chancre: see syphilis.

Noguchi, Hideyo

(Encyclopedia)Noguchi, Hideyo hēdāˈyō nōgo͞oˈchē [key], 1876–1928, Japanese bacteriologist, grad. Tokyo Medical College, 1897. He came to the United States c.1900 to work with Simon Flexner at the Univ. o...

Wassermann, August von

(Encyclopedia)Wassermann, August von wŏsˈərmən, Ger. ouˈgo͝ost fən väsˈərmän [key], 1866–1925, German physician and bacteriologist. In Berlin he was director of the department of experimental therapy a...

yaws

(Encyclopedia)yaws or frambesia, tropical infection of the skin caused by a spirochete (Treponema pertenue) closely related to that causing syphilis. Yaws, however, is not a sexually transmitted disease, i.e., it i...

iritis

(Encyclopedia)iritis īrīˈtĭs [key], inflammation of the iris, the pigmented portion of the eye surrounding the pupil. The condition is sometimes associated with diabetes, with rheumatic diseases such as rheumat...

Schaudinn, Fritz

(Encyclopedia)Schaudinn, Fritz frĭts shouˈdĭn [key], 1871–1906, German zoologist. He confirmed the work of Sir Ronald Ross and G. B. Grassi on malaria, investigated amoebic dysentery, and in his research on pr...

ataxia

(Encyclopedia)ataxia ətăkˈsēə [key], lack of coordination of the voluntary muscles resulting in irregular movements of the body. Ataxia can be brought on by an injury, infection, or degenerative disease of the...

Fracastoro, Girolamo

(Encyclopedia)Fracastoro, Girolamo jērôˈlämō fräkästôˈrō [key], 1483–1553, Italian physician and poet. He was born in Verona, where he practiced after studying at Padua. He studied epidemic diseases and...

Bordet, Jules

(Encyclopedia)Bordet, Jules zhül bôrdāˈ [key], 1870–1961, Belgian serologist and immunologist, M.D. Univ. of Brussels, 1892. He became director of the Pasteur Institute in Brussels in 1901 and professor at th...

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