Facts & Figures
President: Atifete Jahjaga (2011)
Prime minister: Isa Mustafa (2014)
Total area: 4,211 sq mi (10,908 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 1,859,203
Capital and largest city (2007 est.): Pristina, 400,000 (2007 est.)
Other large cities: Prizren, 110,000; Peja, 70,000; Mitrovica, 70,000
Monetary unit: euro (EUR); Serbian Dinar (RSD) is also in circulation
National name: Republic of Kosovo
Languages: Albanian (official), Serbian (official), Bosnian, Turkish, Roma
Ethnicity/race: Albanians 92%, other (Serb, Bosniak, Gorani, Roma, Turk, Ashkali, Egyptian) 8% (2008)
Religion: Muslim, Serbian Orthodox, Roman Catholic
Literacy rate: 91.9% (2007 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP $14.11 billion (2013 est.); per capita: $7,600 (2013 est.). Real growth rate: 2.5%. Inflation: 1.8% (2013 est.). Unemployment: 30.9% (2013 est.). Labor force:800,000 (2011 est.), agriculture 23.6%. Natural resources: nickel, lead, zinc, magnesium, lignite, kaolin, chrome, bauxite. Exports: $408 million (2013): scrap metals, mining and processed metal products, plastics, wood. Imports: $3.398 billion (2013): petroleum, foodstuffs, machinery and electrical equipment. Major trading partners: Italy, Albania, Macedonia, China, Germany, Switzerland, Turkey, Serbia (2012).
International disputes: Serbia with several other states protest the US and other states' recognition of Kosovo's declaration of its status as a sovereign and independent state in February 2008; ethnic Serbian municipalities along Kosovo's northern border challenge final status of Kosovo-Serbia boundary; several thousand NATO-led Kosovo Force peacekeepers under United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo authority continue to keep the peace within Kosovo between the ethnic Albanian majority and the Serb minority in Kosovo; Kosovo and Macedonia completed demarcation of their boundary in September 2008.