Top News Stories from 1913
Population: 4.378 billionpopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize: Henri La Fontaine (Belgium)More World Statistics...
- Suffragettes demonstrate in London and Washington, D.C. Background: Woman Suffrage See also: Infoplease.com Celebrates Women's History Month
- London peace treaty partitions most of European Turkey among the victors of first Balkan War.
- In second Balkan war, Bulgaria attacks Serbia and Greece and is defeated after Romania intervenes and Turks recapture Adrianople (June).
President: Woodrow Wilson
Vice President: Thomas R. Marshall
Population: 97,225,000More U.S. Statistics...
- Garment workers strike in New York and Boston; win pay raises and reduced hours. Background: Labor Unions
- Sixteenth Amendment (income tax) and 17th (popular election of U.S. senators) adopted. Background: Amendments to the Constitution
- Bill creating U.S. Federal Reserve System becomes law.
- Woodrow Wilson becomes 28th U.S. President.
- Armory Show in New York introduces Americans to European modern art as well as the American Ashcan School.
Federal spending: $0.72 billion
Consumer Price Index: $9.9
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.02
World SeriesPhiladelphia A's d. NY Giants (4-1)
Stanley CupQuebec Bulldogs
WimbledonWomen: Dorothea Chambers d. R. McNair (6-0 6-4)
Men: Tony Wilding d. M. McLoughlin (8-6 6-3 10-8)
Kentucky Derby ChampionDonerail
NCAA Football ChampionsHarvard (9-0-0)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Rabindranath Tagore (India)More Entertainment Awards...
- Darktown Follies opens in Harlem and helps to make Harlem a black cultural center.
- Billboard magazine publishes a list of the most popular vaudeville songs. It's the predecessor to their trademark charts.
- First crossword puzzle appears in the New York World. See Crossword Puzzle Guide
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Alfred Werner (Switzerland), for linking up atoms within the molecule
Physics: Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes (Netherlands), for work leading to production of liquid helium
Physiology or Medicine: Charles Richet (France), for work on anaphylaxyMore Nobel Prizes in 1998...
- Ernest Rutherford and Niels Bohr describe atomic structure.
- Henry Ford develops the first moving assembly line.
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