Top News Stories from 1923
- Adolf Hitler's "Beer Hall Putsch" in Munich fails; in 1924 he is sentenced to five years in prison where he writes Mein Kampf. He is released after eight months.
- Earthquake destroys one-third of Tokyo.
- Occupation of Ruhr by French and Belgian troops to enforce reparations payments. Background: Holocaust Reparations
President: Warren G. Harding
Vice President: Calvin Coolidge
Population: 111,947,000More U.S. Statistics...
- President Warren G. Harding suddenly falls ill (July 28) while returning from a trip to Alaska and is rushed to San Francisco, where he dies on Aug. 2.
- The second Ku Klux Klan movement in U.S. history grows, stirring widespread controversy and violence.
Federal spending: $3.14 billion
Consumer Price Index: $17.1
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.02
World SeriesNY Yankees d. NY Giants (4-2)
Stanley CupOttawa d. Vancouver (3-1)
Ottawa d. Edmonton (2-0)
WimbledonWomen: Suzanne Lenglen d. K. McKane (6-2 6-2)
Men: Bill Johnston d. F. Hunter (6-0 6-3 6-1)
Kentucky Derby ChampionZev
NCAA Football ChampionsIllinois (CFRA, HF) (8-0-0) & Michigan (NCF) (8-0-0)
Entertainment AwardsPulitzer Prizes
One of Ours, Willa Cather
Drama: Icebound, Owen Davis
Nobel Prize for Literature: William B. Yeats (Ireland)
Miss America: Mary Campbell (OH)More Entertainment Awards...
- Russian immigrant Vladimir Kosma Zworykin patents the iconoscope, the first television transmission tube. He patents the first color tube in 1925.
- A.C. Nielsen Company is founded and provides measurements of radio audiences for advertisers.
- "Queen of the Blues" Bessie Smith records her first song, "Down Hearted Blues," which becomes an immediate success.
- Harlem's Cotton Club opens and presents all-black performances to white-only audiences. Entertainers will include Lena Horne, the Nicholas Brothers, and Cab Calloway.
- German Shepherd Rin Tin Tin becomes film's first canine star.
- Time Magazine debuts.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Fritz Pregl (Austria), for method of microanalysis of organic substances discovered by him
Physics: Robert A. Millikan (US), for work on elementary charge of electricity and photoelectric phenomena
Physiology or Medicine: Sir Frederick Banting (Canada) and John J. R. Macleod (Scotland), for discovery of insulinMore Nobel Prizes in 1998...