Top News Stories from 1922
Population: 4.378 billionpopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize: Fridtjof Nansen (Norway)More World Statistics...
- Mussolini marches on Rome; forms Fascist government.
- Irish Free State, a self-governing dominion of British Empire, officially proclaimed.
- Reparations Commission fixes German liability at 132 billion gold marks. German inflation begins.
- Kemal Atatürk, founder of modern Turkey, overthrows last sultan.
President: Warren G. Harding
Vice President: Calvin Coolidge
Population: 110,049,000More U.S. Statistics...
- Lincoln Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C. (May 30).
- Coal miners strike for nearly six months to protest wage cuts. The strike, one of several organized by the United Mine Workers of America since 1919, cripples the coal mining industry.
Federal spending: $3.29 billion
Consumer Price Index: $16.8
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.02
World SeriesNY Giants d. NY Yankees (4-0-1)
Stanley CupToronto St. Pats d. Vancouver (PCHA)
WimbledonWomen: Suzanne Lenglen d. M. Mallory (6-2 6-0)
Men: Gerald Patterson d. R. Lycett (6-3 6-4 6-2)
Kentucky Derby ChampionMorvich
NCAA Football ChampionsPrinceton (CFRA) (8-0-0) California (NCF) (9-0-0) & Cornell (HF) (8-0-0)
Entertainment AwardsPulitzer Prizes
Alice Adams, Booth Tarkington
Drama: Anna Christie, Eugene O'Neill
Nobel Prize for Literature: Jacinto Benavente (Spain)
Miss America: Mary Campbell (OH)More Entertainment Awards...
- Reacting to problems posed by the Radio Act of 1912, the Commerce Department allows powerful stations to use the 400m wavelength as long as they only broadcast live music.
- James Joyce's Ulysses published. The U.S. Post Office destroys 500 copies of the novel.
- Reader's Digest debuts.
- Karel Capek's play R.U.R. debuts, introducing the word "robot."
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Francis W. Aston (UK), for discovery of isotopes in nonradioactive elements and for discovery of the whole number rule
Physics: Niels Bohr (Denmark), for investigation of structure of atoms and radiations emanating from them
Physiology or Medicine: In 1923, the 1922 prize was shared by Archibald V. Hill (UK), for discovery relating to heat-production in muscles; and Otto Meyerhof (Germany), for correlation between consumption of oxygen and production of lactic acid in musclesMore Nobel Prizes in 1998...
- British Egyptologists George Carnarvon and Howard Carter unearth King Tutankhamen's tomb in the Valley of the Kings, the only tomb that remained unlooted through the centuries.
- Insulin, which regulates the use of sugar, is isolated and used for the treatment of diabetes by Frederick Banting and Herbert Best.
- Herbert McLean Evans discovers the substance that promotes human growth, a hormone from the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland.