Top News Stories from 1944
Population: 4.378 billionpopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize: International Red CrossMore World Statistics...
- Allies invade Normandy on D-Day (June 6). Background: Normandy campaign
- Bretton Woods Conference creates International Monetary Fund and World Bank.
- Battle of the Bulge begins as Germans penetrate Allied front in Belgium (Dec. 16 to Jan. 1945).
- Anne Frank and her family betrayed and sent to concentration camps. She will die in 1945.
- Dumbarton Oaks Conference—U.S., British Commonwealth, and U.S.S.R. propose establishment of United Nations.
President: Franklin D Roosevelt
Vice President: Henry A. Wallace
Population: 138,397,345More U.S. Statistics...
- GI Bill of Rights is passed, providing benefits for armed-service veterans.
- FDR is reelected, beating Republican challenger Thomas Dewey. Background: Presidential Elections, 1789–present
Federal spending: $91.30 billion
Federal debt $204.1 billion
Consumer Price Index: $17.6
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03
World SeriesSt. Louis Cardinals d. St. Louis Browns (4-2)
Stanley CupMontreal d. Chicago
Kentucky Derby ChampionPensive
NCAA Basketball ChampionshipUtah d. Dartmouth
NCAA Football ChampionsArmy (9-0-0)
Entertainment AwardsPulitzer Prizes
Journey in the Dark, Martin Flavin
Music: Symphony No. 4 (Op. 34), Howard Hanson
Academy Award, Best Picture: Casablanca (Warner Bros.)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Johannes V. Jensen (Denmark)
Miss America: Venus Ramey (DC)More Entertainment Awards...
- The first instance of network censorship occurs. The sound is cut off on the Eddie Cantor and Nora Martin duet, "We're Having a Baby, My Baby and Me."
- The DuMont network goes on the air. Paramount Pictures backs the start-up enterprise, but its lack of affiliated radio networks leads to its early demise in 1956.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Otto Hahn (Germany), for work on atomic fission1945
Physics: Isidor Isaac Rabi (US), for work on magnetic movements of atomic particles
Physiology or Medicine: Joseph Erlanger and Herbert Spencer Gasser (both U.S.), for work on functions of the nerve threadsMore Nobel Prizes in 1998...
- Scientists at Harvard University construct the first automatic, general-purpose digital computer.
- DNA is isolated by Oswald Avery.
- The Germans develop the V-2, the first true missile.
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