Top News Stories from 1974
Population: 4.378 billionpopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize: Eisaku Sato (Japan); Sean MacBride (Ireland)More World Statistics...
- OPEC ends the oil embargo begun in 1973 during the Yom Kippur War (Mar. 18).
- Nixon and Brezhnev meet in Moscow to discuss arms limitation agreements. Background: nuclear disarmament
- Leftist revolution ends almost 50 years of dictatorial rule in Portugal (launched Apr. 25).
- India successfully tests an atomic device, becoming the world's sixth nuclear power (May 18).
- Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia is deposed. A collective military dictatorship assumes power (Sept. 12).
President: Richard M. Nixon
Vice President: Gerald R. Ford
Life expectancy: 72.0 years
Violent Crime Rate (per 1,000): 48.5
Property Crime Rate (per 1,000) 43.9More U.S. Statistics...
- Patricia Hearst, 19-year-old daughter of publisher Randolph Hearst, kidnapped by Symbionese Liberation Army (Feb. 5).
- House Judiciary Committee adopts three articles of impeachment charging President Nixon with obstruction of justice, failure to uphold laws, and refusal to produce material subpoenaed by the committee (July 30).
- Richard M. Nixon announces he will resign the next day, the first President to do so (Aug. 8).
- Vice President Gerald R. Ford of Michigan is sworn in as 38th President of the US (Aug. 9).
- Ford grants "full, free, and absolute pardon" to ex-President Nixon (Sept. 8).
US GDP (1998 dollars): $1,496.90 billion
Federal spending: $269.36 billion
Federal debt $483.9 billion
Consumer Price Index: $49.3
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.08 ($0.10 as of 3/2/74)
Super BowlMiami d. Minnesota
World SeriesOakland A's d. LA Dodgers (4-1)
NBA ChampionshipBoston d. Milwaukee
Stanley CupPhiladelphia d. Boston
WimbledonWomen: Chris Evert d. O. Morozova (6-0 6-4)
Men: Jimmy Connors d. K. Rosewall (6-1 6-1 6-4)
Kentucky Derby ChampionCannonade
NCAA Basketball ChampionshipN.C. State d. Marquette
NCAA Football ChampionsOklahoma (AP) (11-0-0) & USC (UPI, FW, NFF) (10-1-1)
World CupW. Germany d. Holland
Entertainment AwardsPulitzer Prizes
Music: Notturno, Donald Martino
Academy Award, Best Picture: The Sting, Tony Bill, Michael Phillips and Julia Phillips, producers (Universal)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Eyvind Johnson and Harry Martinson (both Sweden)
Record of the Year: "Killing Me Softly With His Song," Roberta Flack
Album of the Year: Innervisions, Stevie Wonder (Tamla/Motown)
Song of the Year: "Killing Me Softly With His Song," Norman Gimbel and Charles Fox, songwriters
Miss America: Rebecca Ann King (CO)More Entertainment Awards...
- Patti Smith releases what is considered to be the first punk rock single, "Hey Joe."
- People magazine debuts, with Mia Farrow gracing the cover.
- Premier Russian dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defects and joins the American Ballet Theatre.
- Chinatown, The Godfather Part II, Day for Night, Blazing Saddles, The Towering Inferno
- Patti Smith, "Hey Joe"
- Robert Creeley, Sitting Here
- Annie Dillard, Pilgrim at Tinker Creek
- Gail Godwin, The Odd Woman
- Stephen King, Carrie
- Toni Morrison, Sula
- Grace Paley, Enormous Changes at the Last Minute
- Robert M. Pirsig, Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance
- Gary Snyder, Turtle Island
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Paul J. Flory (US), for developing analytic methods to study properties and molecular structure of long-chain molecules
Physics: Antony Hewish (UK), for discovery of pulsars; Martin Ryle (UK), for using radiotelescopes to probe outer space with high degree of precision
Physiology or Medicine: George E. Palade, Christian de Duve (both US), and Albert Claude (Belgium), for contributions to understanding inner workings of living cellsMore Nobel Prizes in 1998...
- For safety reasons, the National Academy of Sciences calls for a temporary ban on some types of genetic engineering research.
- A new elementary particle psi (now called J) is discovered by Burton Richter of Stanford University.