Afghanistan Primer

Updated February 21, 2017 | Factmonster Staff

Afghanistan Primer
Often invaded, rarely conquered

and Bordering Nations
Map of Afghanistan
Country Profile: Afghanistan
Political Issues

Terrorism Around the World

Remembering Sept. 11, 2001

Bordered by such diverse nations as China and Iran, Afghanistan has endured a long history of invasion and instability. The mountainous geography of the region hinders the unity of its ethnic groups, yet in the face of invasion they become a formidable foe.

Below find resources on the people, places, and religion of this region.

Profile: Afghanistan
Geography, government, largest cities, and economic statistics

History of Afghanistan
The location of Afghanistan has enticed conquerors throughout history . . .

Afghan War
The struggle of the Afghan mujahideen against the Soviet army

Who's Who in Afghanistan
Ahmed Shah Massoud to Muhammad Zahir Shah

Who Are the Taliban?
The history of Afghanistan's ruling faction

Taliban Timeline
October 7, 2001: U.S. begins bombing . . .

Encyclopedia: Afghanistan
Land and people, economy, history, bibliography

Afghanistan: Places, People, Religion

Cities and Regions

Kabul | Mazar-i-Sharif

Bamian | Faizabad (Feyzabad)

Herat | Jalalabad

Kandahar (Qandahar)

Khyber Pass

Badakhshan Province

Pakistan's North-West Frontier Province

Quetta, Pakistan

Peshawar, Pakistan

Religion and Ethnicity

Sunni Islam | Shiites

Ismailis | Sufism

Afghanistan's People


Pashtuns (Pushtun, Pathans)

Related Links

Osama bin Laden


External Links

Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA)

Afghan Info Center

Maps of Afghanistan from the Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection

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