Islam Primer

Updated February 21, 2017 | Factmonster Staff

The Islamic world—history, beliefs, and culture

Dome of the Rock

Countries with the largest Muslim populations

  1. Indonesia
  2. Pakistan
  3. India
  4. Bangladesh
  5. Egypt
  6. Turkey
  7. Nigeria
  8. Iran
  9. Algeria
  10. Morocco

Introduction to Islam
Islam, one of the three major monotheistic faiths . . .

Islamic Beliefs
The five pillars of Islam

Muhammad: Prophet of Islam
His life and call to prophecy

Glossary of Islam
Important figures, branches, and traditions

Islam in America
Muslims move to the mainstream

Major Islamic Holidays
Muharram, Mawlid al-Nabi, Eid al-Fitr, and Eid al-Adha

Islamic Holidays, 2010–2016
Dates for Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr, and more

The month of fasting

The annual pilgrimage to Mecca

Quiz: Islam
The following are all prophets in Islam except . . .

The Islamic World

There are more than 1 billion Muslims worldwide, fewer than one fifth of whom are Arab. Indonesia has the largest Muslim population in the world.

Islamic Conference Member States

Islamic Conference Member States

Islamic History and Culture



Philosophy, Literature, and Art of the Islamic World

Recommended Sites

Sources +
See also: