New Hampshire

New Hampshire flag

New Hampshire State Facts

Entered Union: June 21, 1788 (9th State)
Present constitution adopted: 1784

Fun Facts

State abbreviation/Postal code: N.H./NH
Nickname: Granite State
Origin of name: From the English county of Hampshire
Motto: “Live free or die”
State symbols:
Animal: White-tailed deer (1983)
Amphibian: Red-spotted newt (1985)
Bird: Purple finch (1957)
Butterfly: Karner blue (1992)
Dog: Chinook (2009)
Freshwater game fish: Brook trout (1994)
Insect: Ladybug (1977)
Saltwater game fish: Striped bass (1994)
Shell: Quahog (1987)
Flower: Purple lilac (1919)
Fruit: Pumpkin (2006)
Tree: White birch (1947)
Wildflower: Pink lady's slipper (1990)
Gem: Smoky quartz (1985)
Mineral: Beryl (1985)
Rock: Granite (1985)
Song: "Old New Hampshire" (1947)
Sport: Skiing (1998)


Capital: Concord
State Website:
Governor: Chris Sununu, R (to Jan. 2021)
Executive Council Members: Michael Cryans, D; Andru Volinsky, D; Russell Prescott, R; Ted Gatsas, D; Debora Pignatelli, D (to Jan. 2021)
Secy. of State: Bill Gardner, D (to Jan. 2021, Since 1976)
General Treasurer: Bill Dwyer, D (apptd. by government)
Atty. General: Gordon MacDonald, R (to 2021)
U.S. Representatives: 2
Senators: Maggie Hassan, D (to Jan. 2023); Jeanne Shaheen, D (to Jan. 2021)
See Also: Historical biographies of New Hampshire Congress members


Residents: New Hampshirite
Resident population: 1,342,795 (41st Largest State, 2015)
10 largest cities (2012): Manchester, 110,209; Nashua, 86,933; Concord , 42,630; Dover, 30,220; Rochester , 29,823; Salem, 29,396; Merrimack, 26,683; Keene, 23,272; Derry, 22,015; Portsmouth, 21,379
Race/Ethnicity: White (93.9%); Black (1.1%); American Indian (0.2%); Asian (2.2%); Other race (0.9%); Two or more races (1.6%); Hispanic/Latino (2.8%).
Religion: No religion (36%); Protestant (30%); Catholic (26%); Jehovah's Witness (2%); Jewish (2%); Mormon (1%). 
Sex: Male (49.3%); Female (50.7%).
Age: Under 18 (21.8%); 18-64 (64.7%); 65 and over (13.5%). Median Age: 41.1
See Also: Additional New Hampshire Census Data


GDP: 81 billion dollars (41st in U.S., 2017)
Unemployment: 2.8% (2017)
Overview: New Hampshire has seen recent growth in the insurance industry and in services. New Hampshire has modest manufacturing, as well as professional and science services. Nature tourism is a substantial part of the economy, as well as winter sports.


Land area: 9,349 sq mi (24,214 km2)
Geographic center: In Belknap Co., 3 mi. E of Ashland
Number of counties: 10
Largest county by population and area: Hillsborough, 400,721 (2010); Coos, 1,801 sq mi.
State parks/recreation areas: 72
Area codes
Tourism office

See more on New Hampshire:

Encyclopedia: New Hampshire
Encyclopedia: Geography
Encyclopedia: Economy
Encyclopedia: Government
Encyclopedia: History
New Hampshire Temperature Extremes

Printable Outline Maps


New Hampshire State History

The territory of present-day New Hampshire was largely populated by the Androscoggin and Pennacook nations of Abenaki people. They were largely displaced by the arrival of English settlers. Under an English land grant, Capt. John Smith sent settlers to establish a fishing colony at the mouth of the Piscataqua River, near present-day Rye and Dover, in 1623. Capt. John Mason, who participated in the founding of Portsmouth in 1630, gave New Hampshire its name (after Hampshire in England).

After a 38-year period of union with Massachusetts, New Hampshire was made a separate royal colony in 1679. As leaders in the revolutionary cause, New Hampshire delegates received the honor of being the first to vote for the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. New Hampshire gained a measure of international attention in 1905 when Portsmouth Naval Base played host to the signing of the treaty ending the Russo-Japanese War, known as the Treaty of Portsmouth.

Abundant water power turned New Hampshire into an industrial state early on, and manufacturing is the principal source of income. The most important industrial products are electrical and other machinery, textiles, pulp and paper products, and stone and clay products. Dairy and poultry, and growing fruit, truck vegetables, corn, potatoes, and hay are the major agricultural pursuits.

Vacation attractions include Lake Winnipesaukee, largest of 1,300 lakes and ponds; the 724,000-acre White Mountain National Forest; Daniel Webster's birthplace near Franklin; and Strawbery Banke, restored buildings of the original settlement at Portsmouth. In 2003, the famous "Old Man of the Mountain" granite head profile, the state's official emblem, fell from its perch in Franconia.

New Hampshire Culture & Interesting Facts

The White Mountains

The heart of New Hampshire's tourism industry is the White Mountains. The White Mountains offer several popular destinations for skiing, snowboarding, hiking, and more intense mountain-climbing. Leaf-peeping, or going out in nature to see the fall foliage, is also popular. This year-round nature tourism provides a major boon to the state economy. One mountain in particular plays a big role in White Mountain tourism. Mount Washington is the highest point in New England, and is infamous for having the worst weather in North America. The second highest ever wind speed was recorded on Mount Washington. The harsh conditions make it a popular training mountain for more dangerous climbs like in the Himalayas, since they can experience the weather while having a much safer egress down the mountain.

Video Games in the Granite State

New Hampshire has a couple of video game claims to fame. Back in the early 1970s, the Nashua, NH based Sanders Associates developed the first home video game console. The system, developed by Ralph Baer, was produced and distributed by Magnavox as the original Magnavox Odyssey. Tangentially related, but the influential coding language BASIC was also developed in New Hampshire at Dartmouth College. In the modern day, New Hampshire houses the world's largest arcade—Funspot Family Fun Center—which houses over 300 classic arcade machines. Funspot has a section designated as its "American Classic Arcade Museum" in which they have a rotating selection of 180 machines usable at any one time. Many of these machines were donations by classic video game fans, and the game enthusiasts at the arcade have put a great deal of effort into restoring all of the machines. 


Aside from skiing and snowboarding, New Hampshire has a major culture built up around motorsports. The state has several motorways that host regular events for NASCAR, IndyCar racing, and drag racing. The biggest of these are the New Hampshire Motor Speedway in Loudon and the New England Dragway in Epping. The state is also home to one of the country's largest motorcycling events, Motorcycle Week in Laconia. At its peak Motorcycle Week attracted nearly 400,000 attendees, mostly motorcyclists.

Women in Politics

New Hampshire has a legacy of women in politics. In 1910, resident Marilla Ricker ran for the office of governor despite being unable to vote (she didn't succeed). She had been one of the first women to practice law before the Supreme Court. Just a decade later, in the first election after the national recognition of women's suffrage, New Hampshire elected several woman representatives by write-in. In 1999 the state was the first to have all of its top-level state positions filled by women. In 2008, the state senate had a female majority. And, in 2012, New Hampshire became the first state to send an all-woman delegation to Congress, with women filling both senator positions and both representative positions (and the governorship as well). 

Famous New Hampshire Natives and Residents

Salmon P. Chase jurist;
Charles Anderson Dana editor;
Mary Baker Eddy founder of the Christian Science Church; ;
Thomas Green Fessenden journalist and satirical poet;
Daniel Chester French sculptor;
Robert Frost poet;

Horace Greeley journalist and politician;
Sarah J. Hale editor;
John Irving writer;
John Langdon political leader;
Sharon Christa McAuliffe teacher and astronaut;
Franklin Pierce former president;
Augustus Saint-Gaudens sculptor;

Alan Shepard astronaut;
Sarah Silvermancomedian
John Starkgeneral
Harlan F. Stone jurist;
Daniel Webster statesman;
Henry Wilson politician and former vice president;
Noah Worcester clergyman and pacifist.

See also: