Top News Stories from 1930
Population: 4.378 billionpopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize: Lars O. J. Söderblom (Sweden)More World Statistics...
- Britain, U.S., Japan, France, and Italy sign naval disarmament treaty.
- Nazis gain in German elections.
- Haile Selassie becomes emperor of Ethiopia.
President: Herbert C. Hoover
Vice President: Charles Curtis
Population: 123,076,741More U.S. Statistics...
- Unemployment soars, prompting President Hoover to appoint a Commission for Unemployment Relief.
- Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act is passed by Congress. The act brings retaliatory tariff acts from foreign countries, U.S. foreign trade suffers a sharp decline, and the depression intensifies.
- N.Y. Supreme Court Judge Joseph Crater withdraws all his money from the bank, sells his stock, and disappears. His fate is never learned.
Federal spending: $3.32 billion
Consumer Price Index: $16.7
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.02
World SeriesPhiladelphia A's d. St. Louis Cardinals
Stanley CupMontreal d. Boston
WimbledonWomen: Helen Moody d. E. Ryan (6-2 6-2)
Men: Bill Tilden d. W. Allison (6-3 9-7 6-4)
Kentucky Derby ChampionGallant Fox
NCAA Football ChampionsAlabama (CFRA) (10-0-0) & Notre Dame (NCF, HF, DS) (10-0-0)
World CupUruguay d. Argentina
Entertainment AwardsPulitzer Prizes
Laughing Boy, Oliver La Farge
Drama: The Green Pastures, Marc Connelly
Academy Award, Best Picture: All Quiet on the Western Front (Universal)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Sinclair Lewis (US)More Entertainment Awards...
- Crossley Inc. tabulates the first formal radio ratings system.
- Jean Rosenthal, one of the greatest lighting designers in theater history, pioneers the concept of stage lighting.
- As head of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America, William Hays establishes a code of decency that outlines what is acceptable in films.
- Grant Wood paints American Gothic.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Hans Fischer (Germany), for work on coloring matter of blood and leaves and for his synthesis of hemin
Physics: Sir Chandrasekhara Raman (India), for work on diffusion of light and discovery of the Raman effect
Physiology or Medicine: Karl Landsteiner (US), for discovery of human blood groupsMore Nobel Prizes in 1998...